Materials For Practice

Burlap, Java, or some similar canvas.

Colored Zephyr, or Wool.

Tapestry Needle.


Mats, rugs, bookcovers, bags or needle-books.

Soft, coarse canvas is an excellent medium on which to teach young children how to use the needle, as it does not require too careful work for them. The form of the stitch can be studied, decorative effects can be easily secured, and very attractive, useful articles can be made from it.


In the first grade burlap canvas may be used as the first textile. Numerous articles may be made out of it. Stitches may be used to decorate it attractively; if it is to be fringed, the form of the overcasting-stitch is good; it may be worked on the burlap and the edge fringed afterward. The blanket-stitch may be used where the edge is to be kept from raveling. Several rows of running-stitches and cross-stitches make an attractive border, or other stitches may be used for this purpose. The stitches should always be coarse. In canvas where the holes, though distinct, are near together a number of holes should be skipped. Soft canvas is better than tightly twisted stiff canvas. Java canvas, in some soft color, may be used late in the first year or in the second year; needlebooks, penwipers, portieres, tablecovers or postal-card cases, may all call forth ideas worth carrying out. Suitability of color, decoration and material to the object in hand should be a prominent feature in the lessons.

Class teaching is an advantage, for all may thus have a feeling of common purpose and be aided by the free expression of opinion; even though the general class exercise is the same, individuality may be constantly appealed to in carrying out designs or in the selection of the kind of article which will be made of the canvas.