This section is from the book "A Sewing Course For Teachers", by Mary Schenck Woolman. Also available from Amazon: A sewing course for teachers.
Woven materials of various kinds such as canvas, plain weaving in muslin and wool, diagonal and pattern material; a loom; pictures of looms, illustrations on the board.
(I) Recalling Former Work.
1. Kindergarten paper weaving, weaving rugs and mats on cards and the loom, darning on coarse sweater material.
(II) Topics for Discussion.
1. The loom, warp, woof, shuttle, selvage, batten, treadles and the interlacing of threads; setting up a loom; ways of distinguishing warp from woof without the selvage; the differ-ence between basketry and weaving, and the difference between plain and fancy weaving.
Stockinet, knitted underwear, sweater material, spool knitting, pictures of knitting machines, blackboard diagrams, etc.,
(I) Recalling Early Work.
Golf stocking knitted on spool, and sweater material darned.
III. Darning Stockinet.
Stocking-web darning, children's work from various schools, stockinet and sweater material and samples of the darning of them; blackboard illustrations, etc.
(I) Connecting the new Subject with
Weaving and Knitting.
(II) Stocking-Web-Darning (for purposes of comparison).
1. Use of this manner of darning in knitting-factories.
2. Method of repairing discussed.
(1ll) Warp and Woof Darn.
1. Investigating the material and the hole to be repaired. (1) Ascending and descending loops, ragged edges of the hole and quality of repairing thread needed.
2. Method of repairing.
(1) Ways from which to choose.
a. Bunning darn.
b. Picking up the ascending and descending loops.
c. Diagonal darn.
(2) Steps in the work.
a. Darning thread to be used.
b. Position of hand.
c. Inserting warp threads.
(a) Preparing the hole.
(b) Strengthening the material beyond the hole.
(c) Crossing the hole.
I. Catching all loops on the edge of the hole.
II. Leaving loops of the repairing thread on the edge of the darn. (d) Shape of the darn. d. Inserting the woof threads.
IV. Darning Woven Material.
Various woven materials, school work of children. Materials and garments darned in different ways, blackboard diagrams and photographs.
(I) Connecting this Subject with Former Ones.
(II) Method of Repairing.
1. Replacing the exact pattern by weaving back.
2. Replacing broken threads by a warp and woof or diagonal darn. (1) Break across the warp, break across the woof, break diagonally across both warp and woof, a hedge tear and darning in new material.