Materials For Practice

White Muslin,

4x4 Inches.

Finish, No. 1. 5x1 inch on a strip of muslin with one side selvage,

Finish, No. . 2. 5x2 Inches.

Cotton, No. 80-100.

Needle, No. 9-11.


On the vent of a pair of drawers, a doll's skirt, or a child's dress.


Especially adapted to children's drawers on account of its strength and the complete closing of the vent by the lap underneath, formed by the turned back strip. It is also used in white petticoats and in cotton dress skirts.


Cut 2 1/2 inches in the middle of a piece of muslin 4x4 inches. The vent may be finished in one of the following ways: Finish No. 1. Take the strip, 5 x 1 inch, put a narrow hem one-half way down it or use the selvage piece. Lay the opposite raw edge of the strip on the left-hand side of the vent with the right side of the strip lying against the right side of the cloth. Baste it so that the edge of the strip will be just below the raw edge of the vent (as for a fell). Begin at the ends of the slit and make a narrow fell with the cloth hemmed down on the strip. This disposes of but one-half of the strip. Begin at the edge of the vent and with the running and back-stitching sew the remainder of the raw edge of the strip to the opposite side of the vent in order that when the seam is pressed open this part of the strip will make a lining to the right-hand side of the vent. This will turn the strip back on itself. Hem the lining down by turning in the raw edges or hemming down the selvage strip. Where the strip turns back at the bottom of the placket it must be hemmed or stitched neatly and closely to the cloth. When the placket is completed the faced part of it on the right-hand side lies above the lap made by the first half of the strip. Where the strip turns back there is always a small fold in the cloth made by the fell, a loop made of buttonhole stitches can be placed at this point and add materially to the strength.

Finish, No. 2. - Take the strip 5x2 inches, lay one raw edge of it on the right side of the material or garment along the entire vent and baste it neatly, being careful to hold it well at the bottom of the slit before continuing up the other side. Sew it with one of the strong stitches, such as the stitching-stitch, and then turn the opposite raw edges of the strip just over the seam and hem it down the entire length. When finished, the strip will fold back on itself, as in finish, No. 1, but it does not need to be hemmed down to form a lining as in that method. Arrange the placket so it will look neat on the right side and make a loop of buttonhole stitches across the end of it to strengthen it. To keep the strip well in place make on the wrong side of the placket a slanting line of stitching-stitches which will hold the strip together without interfering with the size of the opening.


In full-sized garments this placket varies in length and width according to need. In cotton dress skirts the strip is often made of double material. In childrens drawers a broad piece of tape more than twice the length of the vent is sometimes used to stay the material by extending it down one side of the vent across the bottom by turning it twice back on itself and up on the other side. Neither this means nor the gusset have the advantage of completely closing the opening.