1. Blood Stains. Blood stains can usually be removed by wetting with cold water, afterwards washing with luke warm water and soap. The addition of a little ammonia will assist. Hydrogen Peroxide to which a few drops of ammonia have been added will remove blood stains readily.
2. Chocolate and Cocoa Stains. Rub the spot with borax and soap, wash in cold water.
3. Coffee Stains. From ordinary wash goods spots of coffee and tea may be removed by pouring boiling water through the stained spots, afterwards washing with soap. If this does not prove effective, gasoline may be used to dissolve the stain. A few drops of ammonia added to the gasoline will make it more effective, if the color of the garment will permit the action of ammonia. When the spot is completely absorbed the gasoline may be washed out with warm soapy water. Washing soda will often prove effective in removing stains of tea and coffee.
4. Fruit Stains. Most fruit stains can be removed from white material by the application of boiling water. Peach stain is not so easily removed as other fruit stains. It will generally require some sort of bleaching process. Stretch the fabric tightly over a bowl and pour the boiling water through it, allowing the water to fall from some distance. Hydrogen Peroxide with a little ammonia added will usually be effective. A little powdered borax rubbed on the stain when boiling water is being poured through will also assist in removing most fruit stains. If the stain is on an expensive colored garment it is safer to send it to a professional cleaner.
5. Grass Stains. Grass stains can usually be dissolved with milk. If this is not effective try alcohol or ammonia. Hydrogen Peroxide with the addition of a few drops of ammonia will be effective, although it should be carefully tested before applying to a fine garment of dainty color.
6. Ink. Ink spots are extremely difficult to remove due to the fact that so many different chemicals are used in the composition of ink. If one could know exactly of what the ink was composed, it would not be difficult to remove it. Most ink removers are so strong that they also remove the other color from the material. As most ink contains acid it can often be dissolved by application of an acid of some sort. Lemon juice and salt will usually be effective. Strong sour milk will sometimes give good results. If these remedies fail and if the garment is a very expensive one it should be entrusted only to the professional cleaner.
7. Iron Rust. Iron rust is a very common stain, but can be easily removed with acid. Hydrochloric (Muriatic) acid is most frequently used. A few drops of acid can be dropped on the spot with a medicine dropper or applied with a glass tube. The acid should be applied and the spot rinsed in water. This process should be repeated over and over until the spot disappears. The repeated dopping is very much better than allowing it to soak in the acid.
8. Mildew. Mildew can usually be removed by dampening the spot repeatedly and exposing it to strong sunlight. It may be necessary to use some soap solution in washing the spot. Sour milk, which contains considerable acid, is also effective in removing moulds and mildew stains.
9. Milk Spots. Cold water and pure white soap will most generally remove a milk spot. If this is not effective apply glycerine and rub it with a stiff brush. When thoroughly soaked, wash it carefully with luke warm water and soap. Any stain made by milk or anything containing considerable protein should be treated with warm or luke warm water and soap. (A protein stain should not be cleaned with boiling water.) If stains caused by different fruit juices can not be removed by luke warm water they should be treated with boiling water.
10. Oil. Oil stain may generally be removed by washing with cold water and plenty of soap; as it is a protein stain it should not be treated with boiling water until after it has been thoroughly washed. If the soap is not effective the spot might be saturated with kerosene and allowed to soak. This will usually be effective.
11. Paint. Paint or varnish are usually rather difficult to remove. If the stain is taken when fresh it may usually be removed by dissolving with turpentine or gasoline. Either of these treatments will dissolve the oil and the colored matter can be brushed out when dry. After a paint stain has become thoroughly dry it is very difficult to remove and probably should be undertaken only by a professional.
12. Scorch. A scorched spot can be removed by dampening it and exposing it to bright sunlight. Of course the scorched spot can be removed only when it is very slight and the fiber of the goods is not seriously burned. There is no remedy if the material is badly burned.
13. Tea Stains. See No. 3 and follow same method.
14. Unknown Stains. The treatment of unknown stains is necessarily a matter of experimenting. One should try only the milder remedies first in order to avoid damaging the goods. A great many stains can be readily removed by being moistened and exposed to sunlight. This bleaching process should be used wherever possible for it is both cheap and safe. Never attempt to remove an unknown stain with a remover which is likely to damage the color of the garment, until the remover has been tested to make sure that it is perfectly safe.
15. Varnish. See No. 11 and follow same method.