Linen (Chap. I, Par. 40).
l 3/4 yards plain woven linen, 36" wide.
Embroidery cotton (delf blue, brown, pink, green).
Thread No. 80.
Most housekeepers take great pride in having on hand a bountiful supply of attractive table linen. Many girls enjoy making a collection of pretty embroidered towels, table linen, doiles, etc.
Luncheon sets are particularly attractive on a polished table and many prefer to use them in place of the large table cloths; they are also much more easily laundered.
The luncheon set shown in the lesson would make a very attractive addition to any home supply of linen or to a girl's "Hope Box." Such a combination of attractive work in a serviceable article is particularly suitable for a Christmas gift.
In undertaking a complete set of this kind it would be well to finish one or two pieces in the class and make the remaining pieces at home. The optional modifications offer suggestions for embroidery designs that, no doubt, will appeal to different members of the class.
Students' Textbook on Color, O. N. Rood. Principles of Science of Color, Wm. Benson.
No. 1. This set consists of a round center piece with six plate doilies and six tumbler doilies. It is made of ecru colored linen.
No. 2. This set consists of one luncheon cloth and six napkins.
The edges are finished with hemstitched hems. It is made of damask linen.
No. 3. This luncheon set consists of a square center piece and three sets of square doilies. The edges are finished with crocheting
No. 4. This set consists of two runners which cross in the center, two oblong pieces, and two sets of doilies. These cretonne sets may be purchased in an art needlework department and the edges finished to suit the taste. The edges of these doilies are finished with crocheted lace.
Straighten one edge of the material; measure down on the selvage 36" to form a square for the lunch cloth. Draw a thread crosswise, cut on the line (the remaining material is to be cut into six 12" squares, which are to be used for the napkins). For the straight edge measure down on the remaining piece 12"; draw a thread crosswise; from the line formed, measure down 12" on the selvage; draw another thread crosswise. Measure out on the straightened edge 12"; draw a thread lengthwise; from the line formed, measure out again on the straightened edge 12", draw another thread crosswise; cut on the lines formed.
Make a hem 1/4" wide around the edges of the lunch cloth and the napkins. On the selvage edges, before turning them under, make tiny crosswise cuts about 3" apart to keep them from puckering when laundered. You will observe in the illustration that the hems are decorated with cross-stitching. (Delf blue embroidery floss was used very effectively for the work in this luncheon set). Any mercerized embroidery floss may be used, but it should be rather coarse. No attempt is made to give the size of embroidery cotton to use, as there are several different brands on the market and the numbers of the sizes in the different brands vary considerably.
To make the cross-stitched border on the luncheon set, overcast the edges over the hem working from left to right on the right side of the material; make the stitches 1/4" apart. Return and overcast the hems again, placing the stitches half way between the stitches made the first time. The threads should cross in the middle of the hems in the front and back.
The design used in the luncheon set in the illustration may be purchased in almost any pattern department. This design is worked in cross-stitch. NOTE: It is difficult to make an original cross-stitch design because it is not only necessary to draw the outline, but it is also necessary to draw each stitch in its proper position. Any other design may be used to suit the taste, although you will find that this design carefully worked out makes a very attractive luncheon set.
Transfer each design to the corner of the luncheon cloth and napkins by placing it rough side down and pressing it with a hot iron. Remove the patterns and work the designs.
The basket should be worked with brown embroidery cotton; the flowers in the basket should be worked with dark green, light green, pink and blue, the colors being combined to suit the taste. (Do not use knots in beginning the stitches, as you are working on an article which will not be covered with other material on the wrong side.) Small backstitches or running stitches may be used in starting a new thread.
This lunch cloth consists of the center piece and napkins only, but if desired, different sized sets of doilies may be made instead of the napkins. They can be made circular in shape as well as square, although it would be more difficult to make the hems even.
1. What are the essential points in designing a combing jacket?
2. Design a combing jacket and explain how it should be made; be sure to discuss each process and state the different kinds of stitches used.
3. Why is a night gown considered rather an easy garment to make?
4. What sort of material would you select for a kimono? Why?
5. Why is silk such an expensive material? What materials are sometimes used as a substitute for silk?