Paragraph 114. A hem is formed by folding over an edge of material, usually with the raw edge slightly turned under, and sewing it down securely to form a neat, strong edge. After the hem is folded and basted in position, tie a knot in the thread, insert the needle between the hem and the cloth near the beginning of the hem; bring it out through the edge of the hem. Pointing the needle toward the left shoulder, take up a thread of the material very near the hem, and a short distance ahead of the first stitch; push it through the edge of the hem, making the needle form a V with the thread as shown in the illustration. See Figure 13. The stitches should be slanting, even, and close together. Continue in this same manner repeating the stitches until the hem is sewed in place. Fasten the thread by sewing over the last stitch three or four times.
Hemming is so common that there is scarcely a garment or piece of needlework that does not employ some form of the hem in its construction. It is used in handkerchiefs, curtains, draperies, and wearing apparel.