THE projects of this section deal almost entirely with garment making beginning with some of the elementary ones and leading up to the more advanced garments which are more fully dealt with in the next section. The paragraph references dealing with the elementary stitches, and with the early processes of sewing are not given throughout this section; such references are given which present processes that have occurred only rarely in the preceding sections.

Most of the projects call for the use of patterns. Satisfactory patterns may be drafted by following the instructions given in Chapter IV (Patterns And Pattern Drafting), however, it may be found advisable to purchase commercial patterns for most of the garments. This does not mean that the subject of pattern drafting may be ignored; it should be taken up and carefully studied so that every student may get a clear conception of how patterns are made, what measurements are necessary and just how they are applied. A careful consideration of this subject is very essential in order that the girls may be prepared to alter and modify various commercial patterns from time to time. Styles are continually changing, but such changes deal for the most part with minor details; the fundamental principles of pattern drafting and garment making remain unchanged.

It is not desirable to teach girls a set routine of mechanical operations whereby they may produce a certain pattern, indeed the garment may be out of style before they can learn to make it.

If they learn that the pattern is merely a means to an end-that judgment and good taste are always the all important matters-that they are striving to acquire ability which will enable them to take the means at hand and produce satisfactory results-there need be little uneasiness as to whether patterns are bought or made.