This section is from the book "Text-Book On Domestic Art", by Carrie Crane Ingalls. Also available from Amazon: Textbook On Domestic Art: With Illustrations And Drafts.
Material: One-half yard silk or linen (of any color), cut square or rectangle to contain not less than 9 square inches of embroidery. These dimensions are given in correlation with the drawing department, where a pupil is obliged to make her own design. The equivalent should be figured, if a boughten design is to be worked.
The principle of this embroidery, is to learn to work with a fine needle and silk thread, and to blend shades and tints, illustrating flowers in their proper colors, or conventional designs that are pleasing and effective.
The amount of space to be covered, can be applied to any design suitable for filo, with an allowance of background, to suit bags, table covers, dresses, etc.
For shade work, use long and short stitch, as explained on embroidery sampler.
Centers of flowers are worked in French knots.
Stems and outlines in the Crewel stitch.
To choose the proper silks, match or contrast them well with the background.
For school, shade cards will be gladly furnished by leading manufacturers or stores, and the silks are ordered by their shade number.
When only 3 or 4 shades of one color are used, do not make the degree of shade too great, as it prevents proper blending.
For flower designs, study or procure the live flower if possible, or if worked from painting, match colors to samples on shade card.
For strong effects, pad the design, before filling.
An edge is also well defined, if worked heavier, or with the double strands of filo.