4 C. arvensis (Beyrich) β. pentagona Eng. Low; fls. small, 5-parted, pedi-celed, in compound or branching clusters; cal. angular, lobes suborbieular, obtuse, thin and shining, as long as, or longer than the shallow tabe of the cor.; lobes of the corolla acute or acuminate, longer than the tube, reflexed, with the point infiexed; anth. round, oval; scales large, deeply fringed; sty. slender; caps, globular. - Ill., Va., to Fla., on many plants. Sts. searce If high. Fls. less than 1" long. Caps, yellowish.
5 C. tenuiflora Engelm. Pale, much branched; fls. mostly 4-parted, short-pediceled, slender, cymous-paniculate, at length conglomerate; cal. turbinate; cor. tube slender, longer than the calyx, or its own short, ovate obtuse lobes; sty. capillary, as long as the depressed ovary; caps, globous, bearing the dead corolla at top, often but 1 to 2-seeded. - Ill. and Westward, in wet places, on Cephalan-thus, Aster, etc. Cor. 1" or less in length. Caps. 1 to 1 1/4" diam.
6 C. decora (Chois. Engelm.) β. PULCHERRIMA Engel. Fls. pedicellate, 5-parted, large, broad-eampanulate, loosely paniculate; cal. lobes acute, length of the corolla, crenulate on the margin; lobes of the fleshy cor. acute, erect or spreading, point inflexed; sty. as long as, or longer than the ovary; caps, enveloped by the dead corolla; sds. beaked, rough. - S. Ill. to Fla. and Tex., growing on Legumi-nosae, Composite, &e. Fls. larger than in any of the preceding species, 1 1/2 to 1 3/4" long, fleshy, white. Anth. and stig. yellow or purple. (C. indecora Chois. in DC.)
7 C. inflexa Engelm. Fls. pediceled, mostly 4-parted, in loose, paniculate cymes, at length glomerate; cor. fleshy, subcylindric, lobes erect, with the acute points inflexed and margins crenulate; scales minute, reduced to lateral teeth; sty. divaricate on the thickish brown capsule which bears the dead corolla at its top. - Ill. to Va. and Ga., on Hazel, Rhus, Salix, Helianthus, and other herbs and shrubs, in open woods and prairies. Fls. 1" long.
8 C. Gromovii Willd. St. filiform, thick, often high-climbing; fls. mostly 5-parted, at first loosely paniculate, finally dense; cor. tube deeply campanulate, longer than the cal. lobes, obtuse, flat, spreading, not reflexed; scales large, oval, deeply fringed; ova. oval, slightly conic, invested at base with the dead corolla. - Can. and U. S., on coarse herbs and shrubs. The most common of all our species, in low, damp or shady places, the only one in N. Eng. Sts. light orange. Fls. 1 1/4 to 1 1/2" long.
β. latiflora (Engelm.) Cal. thin; cor. tube shallow, as long as the lobes; scales narrow. - Mass. to Car. and Ill. (C. Saururi Eng.)
9 C. rostrata Shutt. Fls. large (2 to 3" long), pedicellate, in loose, paniculate cymes; cor. deeply campanulate, lobes obtuse; scales small, deeply incisely fringed; ova. elongated, bottle-shaped; caps, with an elongated, 2-pointed beak 2 to 3" long; sds. 1 to 4, bluntly rostrate. - Alleghanies, Md. to S. Car., in shady woods, on tall, coarse herbs. Nearly allied to the last
10 C. glomerata Choisy. St. filiform; fls. in compact masses, surrounding the stem, sessile; sep. 5 (1" long), suirounded by many squarrous bracts; cor. tubular-campanulate, 5-lobed, longer than the calyx, withering on top of capsule, lobes lanceolate, acute, spreading or reflexed; scales fimbriate. - Abundant in Mo.,Ill.
. and Iowa, chiefly on the Compositae. Fls. about 2" long, forming compact, cylindrical masses, while the stems decay, appearing as if springing from the stems of other plants. Cor. white and scarious. Anth. partly exserted. Jl.
11 C. compacta Juss. St. thick; fis. sessile, lateral, in dense masses; sep. and bracts minute (1/4'), orbicular; cor. tube slender, with 5 oblong lobes, withering oh the summit of the acutish capsule, like a calyptra; sds. mostly but 1 or 2. - Banks of the St. Lawrence R., N. Y. to Ill. and the Mts. of Ga., on shrubs, as Hazel, Alder, Andromeda. The twined clusters in fruit are often 9 to 18" diam.
3. adpressa Engelm. Cor. broader; caps, less pointed; sds. 2 to 4. - Ill. to Va. and La., on Rhus, Smilax, etc.