(2899.) F. duriuscula, Linn.; Pursh, Fl. I., 83.

F. ovina, Linn., var. duruiscula, Gray, Man. Ed. V., 633. We place under this species all coast forms without running rootstocks, and with F. rubra all those which have. Bather common on the Atlantic coast, and apparently indigenous. Newfoundland. (Sir Joseph Banks.) At Bedford, Annapolis, and McNab's Island, Halifax Harbor. (Macoun.) Magdalen Islands, N.S. (McKay. J.Richardson.') Pennant, Halifax Co., N. S. (Sommers, Cat.) Coast of Labrador. (McGill Coll. Herb.) Richibucto, Shediac, and Moncton, N.B.; scarce. (Fowler, Cat.) Ellis Bay, Anticosti. (St. Cyr.) Gaspé Basin, Gaspé Co., Q.; Wellington Beach, Lake Ontario; dry fields, near Trenton, and Port Hope, Ont.; very abundant at Queenston Heights; and in many places around Lake Superior. (Macoun.) West coast of Hudson Bay. (J. M. Macoun.) Not uncommon on gravelly slopes in the Rocky and Selkirk mountains. (Macoun.)

(2900.) F. elatior, Linn.; Pursh, Fl. I., 83.

Cultivated on lawns and in some meadows. Meadows at Windsor, and in fields at Halifax, N.S. (Macoun.) In fields at Fredericton, N.B. (Fowler, Cat.) Beauport, Q. (St. Cyr.) In meadows at London, Ont. (Burgess.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Moose Factory, James Bay. (Cottar & Dr. Hayden.)

(2901.) F. microstachya, Nutt.; Watson, Bot. King Exp. V., 388.

Very common on dry gravelly slopes throughout southern Vancouver Island, on all the dry slopes at Nanaimo, Goldstream, and Alberni. (Macoun.) Cadboro Bay, near Victoria, Vancouver Island. (Fletcher.) Sooke, south-west of Vancouver Island. (Dawson.)

Var. divergens, Thurb.; Vasey, Cat. Grasses U. S. 90, (1885.) Very abundant on gravelly slopes on the mountains around Gold-stream, and an dry rocks near Wellington Mine, Departure Bay, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.)

Var. pauciflora, Scribner; Vasey, Cat. Grasses U.S. 90, (1885.)

Found in some abundance at Stewart's Lake, northern British Columbia. (Macoun)

(2902.) F. Myurus, Linn.; Michx., Fl. I., 66; Pursh, Fl. I., 83;

Hook., Fl. II., 249.

Introduced on all dry soils in the southern part of Vancouver Island, chiefly under oaks. Abundant at Cedar Hill, and Nanaimo. (Macoun.) Cadboro Bay, near Victoria, Vancouver Island. (Fletcher.)

(2903.) F. nutans, Willd.; Pursh, Fl. I., 84. Halifax, N.S. (Burgess.) Lower Norton, Belleisle, and Bairdsville, N.B.

(Brittain.) Miriwin's Woods, near Prescott, Ont.; rather rare. (Billings.) Common in rich, rocky woods and thickets near Belleville; also Seymour, Northumberland Co.; and at Owen Sound, Ont. (Macoun.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie. Millman.) Rich woods at London, Ont. (Burgess)

(2904.) F. occidentalis, Hook., Fl. II., 249. F. pauciflora, Thurb. Bot. Calif. II., 318.

Goldstream, and on the slopes of Mount Finlayson, and Mount Pre-vost, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.)

(2905.) F. OVina, Linn.; Hook., Pl. II., 250.

Under various forms this species extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Bedford, near Halifax, N.S. Introduced. (Sommers, Cat.) In tufts on hillsides, Truro, N.S. (Macoun.) Petty Harbor, Newfoundland. (R. Bell.) Plains of Abraham, Q. (St. Gyr.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Sandy meadows, London, Ont. Port Stanley, Lake Erie; north shore of Lake Superior, and along Lake Nipigon to Livingstone Point. (Macoun.) Emerson, Man. (Burgess.) Nelson River, Keewatin. (R. Bell.) Frequent on bluffs along the Assiniboine, between Brandon and Fort Ellice; rather common on the lower slopes of the Rocky Mountains; abundant in northern British Columbia, and through the Peace River Pass, and northward to Lake Athabasca; rather common on Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) North Point of Texada Island, Gulf of Georgia; Sooke, Vancouver Island; Lake Lindeman, lat. 59° 40'; Polly Banks, and Pelly River, lat. 62°, N.W.T.; Queen Charlotte Islands. (Dawson.) Vicinity of Victoria, Vancouver Island. (Fletcher.) Kotzebue Sound. (Rothr. Alask.) Red river, Man., 1827. (Douglas.) Lake Winnipeg to the Saskatchewan, and Bear Lake; and Rocky Mountains. (Hooker, Fl.) Cumberland Islands, Arctic coast. (Parry.)

Vav. brevifolia, Watson, Bot. King's Exp. V., 379.

F. brevifolia, R. Br.; Hook., Fl. II., 350.

Abundant along the Arctic coast, and on mountain tops. Ford's Harbor, Labrador; Upper Savage Islands, Nottingham, Mansfield, and Digge's islands, Hudson Strait. (R. Bell.) Fort George, James Bay. (J. M. Macoun.) Cumberland Island, Hudson Bay. (Parry.) Between Fort Churchill, and Repulse Bay. (Dr. Rae.) Pond's Bay, and Port Kennedy, Baffin's Bay. (Dr. Walker.) On the higher slopes of the Rocky Mountains, from Canmore westward through the Selkirk Mountains to Roger's Pass; summit of Mount Arrowsmith, alt. 5,700 feet, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) On the Arctic sea-coast and islands; and Rocky Mountains. (Hooker, Fl.) Rae River, Arctic coast-(Dr. Rae.)

Var. polyphylla, Vasey, Cat. Grasses U. S. 90, (1885.) A fine tall grass growing on hillsides at Goldstream and Nanaimo, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.)

Var. vivipara, Gray, Man. Ed. V., 633.

Common along the coast of Anticosti, at Jupiter, River. (Macoun.) Severn River, Keewatin. (J. M. Macoun.) Cumberland House, Bear Lake, and Arctic sea-coast. (Hooker, Fl.)

(2906.) F. Richardsonl, Hook., Fl. II., 250.

Arctic sea-coast. (Hooker, Fl.) Alaska. (Vasey.)

(2907.) F. rubra, Linn.; Hook., Fl. II., 250.

All forms of this species have running root-stocks. Cape Forteau, Yarmouth, N.S., and North Sydney, Cape Breton. (Macoun & Burgess.) Rivière de Brig, Anticosti, and along the Gaspé coast, near Fox River. (Macoun.) London, Ont., and Emerson, Man. (Burgess.) Near Victoria, Vancouver Island. (Fletcher.) Abundant along the whole coast of Vancouver Island, from Esquimalt to Qualicum. (Macoun.) Sitka, and Kotzebue Sound. (Rothr. Alask.) Bartlett Bay, and Sitka, Alaska. (Meehan.) Queen Charlotte Islands. (Dawson.)

Var. villosa, Vasey. (MS.)

Festuca rubra, var. I., Hook. Fl. II., 250.

North Fork of Old Man River, Rocky Mountains. (Dawson.) Apparently not rare in[the foot-hills of the Rocky Mountains. (Macoun.)

Besides the above variety, we have vars. genuinea, longiseta, and planifolia, Vasey, which may be distinct enough to separate them from the species. All are common on the coast of Vancouver Island, near Victoria.

(2908.) F. scabrella, Torr.; Hook., Fl. II., 252.

(Bunch Grass.)

F. Macounii. Vasey; Macoun, Cat. No. 2204. Melica Hallii, Vasey, Coult. Bot. Gaz. VI., 296.

Summit of Mount1 Albert, Shickshock Mountains, Gaspé, Q.; Moose Mountain Creek, and Souris Plain, Assiniboia. (J. M. Macoun.) Abundant around Brandon, and west to Moose Mountain and Moose Jaw; common at Calgary, and westward in the foot-hills at Morley; on mountains at Spence's Bridge, B.C. (Macoun.) Middle Fork of Old Man

River, Rocky Mountains; Frances Lake, lat. 61°, and Finlayson Lake, lat. 62°, NW.T. (Dawson.) Alpine districts of the Rocky Mountains. (Hooker, Fl.) On rocky slopes at Lytton, B.C. (Fletcher.)

(2909.) F. Subulata, Bong.; Hook., Fl. II., 250.

Sitka. (Hooker, Fl.) We know nothing of this species. It may be included in some other form under another name. Possibly a form of F. ovina.

(2910.) F. tenella, Wiild; Pursh., Fl. I., 83.

F. bromoides, Michx., Fl. I., 66. Dry hillsides; not common eastward. Sheldrake River, Q. (St. Cyr.) Border of Oak Hill Pond, Hastings Co.; common on Rice Lake Plains, near Castleton, Northumberland Co., Ont. (Macoun.) Sandy thickets, Point Pelée, Lake Erie. (Burgess.) Vicinity of Hamilton, Ont. (Logie.) Port Stanley, Lake Erie; abundant at Spence's Bridge, and northward through British Columbia; dry hills around Victoria, Mount Finlayson, and Nanaimo, Vancouver Island. (Macoun.) Cad-boro Bay, Vancouver Island. (Fletcher.)