"Though plants are often referred to primitive woods as their locality, it cannot be true to very many. Only those which require but little light and can bear the drip of trees penetrate the woods, and these have, commonly, more beauty in their leaves than in their pale and almost colorless blossoms."

- Thoreau.

Indian Turnip. Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisacma triphyllum).

Page 20. Green Dragon Root (A. Dracontium). Page 20. Day-flower (Commclina virginica). Page 299. Bellwort (Uvularia pcrfoliata). Page 150. Large-flowered Bellwort (U. grandiflora). Page 150. Wild Leek (Allium tricoccum). Page 46. Yellow Clintonia (Clintonia borealis). Page 156. White Clintonia (C. umbellulata). Page 47. False Lily of the Valley (Maianthemum canadense). Page 48. Twisted-stalk (Streptopus amplexifolius). Page 48. Sessile-leaved Twisted-stalk (S. roseus). Page 243. Indian Cucumber-root (Medeola virginiana). Page 157. Wake Robin (Trillium erectum). Page 244. Large-flowered Wake Robin (T. grandiflorum). Page 48. Nodding Wake Robin (T. cernuum). Page 50. Painted Trillium (T. undulatum). Page 50. Orchis (Orchis rotundifolia). Page 246. Showy Orchis (O. spectabilis). Page 246. Tall, Leafy Green Orchis (Habenaria hyperborea). Page 23.

In peat bogs and cold, wet woods. (H. dilatata). Page 52.

Rattlesnake Plantain (Epipactis repens). Page 54. Southern Twayblade (Listera australis). Page 160. Twayblade (L. convallarioides). Page 160. Calypso (Calypso bulbosa). Page 372.

Putty-root. Adam-and-Eve (Aplectrum hyemale). Page 372. Crane Fly Orchis (Tipularia discolor). Page 24. From the above enumeration it will be seen that many of our finest native orchids flourish only in the shade of thick woods. With the wholesale cutting away of our virginal forests, these flowers disappear, and may soon be as hard to find as the American buffalo.

RichweeD. Clearweed (Piled pumila). Page 26.

Wild Ginger (Asarum canadense). Page 305.

Virginia Snakeroot (Aristolochia Serpentaria). Page 305.

Pipe Vine. Dutchman's Pipe (A. macrophyUa). Page 448.

Woolly Pipe Vine (A. tomentosa). Page 450.

Black Snakeroot. Black Cohosh. Bugbane (Cimicijugaracemosa). Page 73. Red Baneberry (Actaea rubra). Page 73. White Baneberry (A. alba). Page 73. Orange Root. Yellow Puccoon (Hydrastis canadensis). Page

74. Blue Cohosh (Caula phyllum ihalictroides). Page 30. Spice Bush. Benjamin Bush (Benzoin aestivale). Page 427. Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis). Page 75. Celandine Poppy (Stylophoriun diphyllum). Page 168. Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra Cucullaria). Page 77. Squirrel Corn (D. canadensis). Page 77. Toothwort. Pepper-root (Dentaria diphylla). Page 80. (D. laciniaia). Page 80.

Miterwort. Bishop's Cap (Mitella diphylla). Page 85. (M. nuda). Page 33. Witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana). Page 428. Found also in rich soil along the banks of streams. Goat's Beard (Aruncus Sylvester). Page 86. Indian Physic. Bowman's Root (Gillenia trifoliata). Page

86. White Avens (Geum canadense). Page 87. Hog Peanut (Amphicarpa monoica). Page 454. Herb Robert (Geranium Robertianum). Page 261. American Holly (Ilex opaca). A low tree, 20 to 30 feet high, found in moist woods near the coast from Massachusetts southward. Cassena. Yaupon (/. vomitoria). Page 402. Large-leaved Holly (I. monticola). Page 403. Chiefly upon mountains. American Bladder Nut (Staphylea trifolia). Page 4.03. Green Violet (Hybanthus concolor). Page 94. (Viola blanda). Page 96, Sometimes found in open, swampy woods. Round-Leaved Vlolet. Early Yellow Vlolet (V. rotundifolia).

Page 193.

Yellow Passion Flower (Passiflora lutea). Page 431. A southern species. Wicopy. Leatherwood. Moosewood (Dirca palustris). Page 431

Spikenard (Aralia racemosa). Page 98.

Wild Sarsaparilla (A. nudicaulis). Page 98.

Ginseng (Panax quinque folium). Page 98.

Dwarf Ginseng. Ground-nut (P. trifolium). Page 100.

Black Snakeroot. Sanicle (Sanicula marilandica). Page 102.

Dwarf Cornel. Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis). Page 405.

One-flowered Pyrola (Moneses uniflora). Page 108.

Labrador Tea (Ledum groenlandicum). Page 408.

Great Laurel (Rhododendron maximum). Page 411. Common in the Alleghanies. Creeping Snowberry. Moxie Plum. Capillaire (Chiogenes liispidula). Page 114. Blue Tangle. Dangleberry (Gaylussacia jrondosa). Page 444. American Cowslip. Shooting Star (Dodecatheon Meadia).

Page 278. Indian Pink. Pink-root (Spigelia marilandica). Page 373. Pennywort (Obolaria virginica). Page 118. Wild Sweet William (Phlox maculata). Page 284. Creeping Phlox (P. stolonifera). Page 285. Blue Phlox (P. divaricata). Page 328. Waterleaf (Hydrophyllum macrophyllum). Page 119. (H. virginianum). Page 119. (H. canadense). Page 118. Rich-weed. Stone-root. Horse Balm (Collinsonia canadensis).

Page 202. Culver's-root. Culver's Physic (Veronicavirginica). Page 127. American Fly Honeysuckle (Lonicera canadensis). Page 436. Twin-flower (Linnaea borealis). Page 292. Horse Gentian. Feverwort. Wild Coffee (Triosteum perfoliatum). Page 352. Cranberry Tree (Viburnum Opulus, var. americanum). Page

421. White Snakeroot (Eupatorium urticaefolium). Page 132. (E. aromaticum). Page 132. Golden-rod (Solidago latifolia). Page 214. (S. rugosa). Page 216. (5. canadensis). Page 218. (S. serotina). Page 220.

Umbelled Aster (Aster umbellatus). Page 138. Robin's Plantain (Erigeron pulchellus). Page 364. Leafcup (Polynniia canadensis). Page 224. Fireweed (Erechtiles hieracifolia). Page 144.

Great Indian Plantain (Cacalia reniformis). Page 144. Pale Indian Plantain (C. alriplicifolia). Page 144. Cynthia (Krigia amplexica-ulis). Page 237. White Lettuce. Rattlesnake-root (Prenanthes alba). Page

146. Wild Lettuce (P. altissima). Page 146.