In the latitude of New York but few native wild flowers are hardy enough to endure the severe climate of early spring. March is the month of preparation in the vegetable world. The plants still seem asleep, but myriads of seeds dropped last fall, all the perennial herbs, shrubs and trees feel stirrings of life, and start to grow before the advent of April, the true month of leaves and first blossoms. Some trees, as the silver maple, birches, and alders, blossom very early, introducing the Flower Calendar; and a curious perennial herb called Christmas Flower (Helleborus viridis), lately naturalized from Europe, which blossoms from December to April, has been found wild in a few spots in Long Island, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. It is of the Crowfoot Family, has minute petals, larger sepals, nodding, single flowers, large, palmate leaves.
Beginning then with March, in the latter half of that month and first part of April, one may quite surely find:
Skunk Cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus). Page 21.
White Dog's-tooth Violet (Erythronium album). Page 46.
Liverleaf (Hcpatica triloba). Page 308.
A shrub with yellow blossoms. A Small Mustard (Draba carolliniana). Page 79. Snowdrop and Star of Bethlehem of our gardens. For the latter, see page 46. Fetter Bush (Lcucothoc axillaris). Page 410. In bloom until last of April. The beautiful Yellow Jessamine of the South (Gelsetninum sempervirens). Page 432. Pennywort (Obolaria virginica). Page 118.