Family, Orchis. Color, pale or deep crimson; rarely white. Sepals and petals nearly equal in size and shape. Lip, flat, drawn downward, much crested, yellow-fringed. Leaves, 1, rarely 2 or 3, long, near the middle of the stem, with a bract just below the, usually, single flower. June and July.
6 to 9 inches high. Newfoundland to Minnesota, southward to Florida. Fragrant, not unpleasantly so; but Tho-reau says of it that it has a "strong, snaky odor." He evidently did not like this orchid, for he says that " it smells exactly like a snake. How singular, that in Nature, too, beauty and offensiveness should be thus combined!" He also says that such flowers as the pogonia and calopogon "would blush still deeper if they knew what names man had given them." To my mind this is a very pretty bog-orchid.