Family, Mallow. Color, rose, sometimes white. Calyx, 5-divided, surrounded by many narrow bracts.

Rose mallow (Hibiscus Moscheutos)

Rose mallow (Hibiscus Moscheutos)

Corolla of 5 petals, measuring 6 inches across, bell-shaped, withering at the close of one day. Stamens and pistils in a column like the preceding. In this genus the column is long, with anthers covering most of its length. Styles have club-shaped stigmas. Pod, 5-celled, many-seeded. Leaves, alternate, broad, petioled, much pointed and toothed, the lower 3-divided, smooth above, softly downy beneath, palmately veined. August and September.

Taller than the preceding, 4 to 7 feet high, with flowers far more showy and richer in color. In August the Newark meadows, down the New Jersey coast, and the dunes along the bay fronts of Long Island are glorious with the bloom of this splendid flower. It bears transplanting, and will grow quite well in soil drier than its native marshes. The bushes form dense, hedge-like borders or grow in clumps back from the water's edge. A white blossom with dark-red center is sometimes found. Near the coast from Massachusetts southward. (See illustration, p. 266.)

H. syriacus is the althaea of our gardens. It is a tall, tree-like shrub, with pointed and cut leaves. The flower is large, rose-color or white, with brown spots.

Kosteletzkya virginica

Family, Mallow. Color, pink. Flowers, 2 inches across. The plant is from 2 to 4 feet high, rough hairy. Leaves, mostly heart-shaped, the lower 3-lobed. August.

In marshes along the coast, New York and southward.