This section is from the book "An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions Vol1", by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. Also available from Amazon: An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Volume Set..
About 10 species, of temperate and tropical regions. Type species: Typha latifolia L.
Spikes with the pistillate and staminate usually contiguous, the former without bractlets; stigmas
spatulate or rhomboid; pollen 4-grained.
Spikes with the pistillate and staminate usually distant, the former with bractlets; stigmas linear
or oblong-linear; pollen in simple grains.
Typha latifolia L. Sp. PI. 971. 1753.
Stems stout, 4°-8° high. Leaves 3"-I2" broad; spikes dark brown or black, the staminate and pistillate portions usually contiguous, each 3'-12' long and often 1' or more in diameter, the pistillate without bractlets; stigmas rhomboid or spatnlate; pollen-grains in 4's; pedicels of the mature pistillate flowers 1"-1 1/2" long.
In marshes, throughout North America except the exterme north. Ascends to 1600 ft. in the Adirondacks and to 2200 ft. in Virginia. Also in Europe and Asia. June-July. Fruit, Aug.-Sept. Called also Great-Reed-mace, Cat-o'-nine-tail, Marsh Beetle. Marsh Pestle, Cattail Flag, Flax-tail. Blackamoor, Black-cap, Bull-segg, Bubrush, Water-torch, Candlewick.
Typha angustifolia L. Sp. PI. 971. 1753.
Stems slender, 5°-10° high. Leaves mostly narrower than those of the preceding species, 2"-6" wide; spikes light brown, the staminate and pistillate portions usually distant, the two together sometimes 15' long, the pistillate, when mature 2"-%" in diameter, and provided with bractlets; stigmas linear or linear-oblong; pollen-grains simple; pedicels of the mature pistillate flowers 1/2" long or less.
Abundant in marshes along the Atlantic Coast from Nova Scotia to Florida, but also occurring rather rarely inland, and in California. Also in tropical America and South America. Also in Europe and Asia. June-July. Fruit, Aug.-Sept. Called also Lesser Reed-mace and most of the names of the preceding species.