5. Blephariglottis Leucophaea (Nutt.) Farwell. Prairie White-Fringed Orchis

Fig. 1377

Orchis leucophaea Nutt. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. (II.) 5: 161.

1833-37. Habenaria leucophaea A. Gray, Man. Ed. 5, 502. 1867.

B. leucophaea Farwell, Ann. Rep. Mich. Acad. Sci. 2: 42. 1901.

Stem stout, angled, 1 1/2°-2 1/2° high. Leaves lanceolate, 4'-8' long; spike 3'-$' long, very thick, loosely flowered; flowers large, white, fragrant, sometimes tinged with green; sepals broadly ovate; petals obovate, minutely cut toothed, about 3" long; lip 3-parted, 6"-7" long, the segments broadly wedge-shaped and copiously fringed; spur 1'-1 1/2 long, longer than the ovary; anther-sacs widely diverging at the base; caudicles long and slender; glands transversely oval; ovary often recurved.

On moist prairies, Nova Scotia to Minnesota, Kentucky, Louisiana and Nebraska. Western greenish-fringed orchis. July.

5 Blephariglottis Leucophaea Nutt Farwell Prairie  1377

6. Blephariglottis Grandiflora (Bigel.) Rydb. Large Or Early Purple-Fringed Orchis. Meadow-Pink

Fig. 1378

Orchis fimbriata Willd. Sp. PI. 4: 39. 1805. Not Dryand.

1789. Habenaria grandiflora Torr. Comp.'3i9. 1826. Orchis grandiflora Bigel. Fl. Bost. Ed. 2, 321. 1824. Habenaria fimbriata A. Gray, Man. Ed. 5, 503. 1867. B. grandiflora Rydb. in Britton, Man. 296. 1901.

Stem 1°-5° high. Leaves oval or lanceolate, 4-10' long, 10"-3' wide, obtuse, or the upper smaller and acute; raceme 3'-15' long, sometimes 2 1/2' thick, densely flowered; flowers lilac or purplish, sometimes white or nearly so, fragrant; upper sepal and petals erect, connivent; petals oblong or oblanceolate, more or less toothed, i' long; lip 3-parted, 1/2'-I broad, about V long, the segments broadly fan-shaped, copiously fringed to about the middle, anther-sacs divergent at the base; glands orbicular, turned inward; spur filiform, clavate, l'- l 1/2' long.

In rich woods and meadows, Newfoundland to Ontario, south to North Carolina. Perhaps a large-flowered race of the following species. Tattered fringed orchis. June-Aug.

6 Blephariglottis Grandiflora Bigel Rydb Large Or  1378

7. Blephariglottis Psycodes (L.) Rydb. Smaller Purple-Fringed Orchis. Fig- 1379

Orchis psycodes L. Sp. PI. 943. 1753. Orchis fimbriata Ait. Hort. Kew. 3: 297. 1789. Habenaria psycodes Spreng. Syst. 3: 693. 1826. Blephariglottis psycodes Rydb. in Britton, Man. 296. 1901.

Stem rather slender, 1°-3° high. Leaves oval, elliptic or lanceolate, 2'-10' long, 8"~3' wide, the upper smaller; raceme 2'-6' long, 1'- 1 1/2' thick, loosely or densely several-many-flowered; flowers lilac, rarely white, fragrant; lower sepals ovate, obtuse, about 4" long, the upper one a little narrower; petals oblong or oblanceolate, toothed on the upper margin; lip 3-parted, 4"-6" broad, the segments fan-shaped and copiously fringed, the fringe of the middle segment shorter than that of the lateral ones; spur somewhat clavate at the apex, about 8" long, longer than the ovary.

In meadows, swamps and wet woods, Newfoundland to Minnesota, North Carolina and Tennessee. Pink-fringed or flaming-orchis. Soldier's-plume. July-Aug.

7 Blephariglottis Psycodes L Rydb Smaller Purple F 1379

8. Blephariglottis Peramoena (A. Gray) Rydb. Fringeless Purple Orchis

Fig. 1380

Orchis fissa Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 589. 1814. Not Willd.


H. peramoena A. Gray, Am. Journ. Sci. 38: 310. 1840. B. peramoena Rydb. in Britton, Man. 297. 1901.

Stem 1°-2 1/2° high. Leaves elliptic or lanceolate, 4'-8' long, 1/2-1 1/2 wide, the upper gradually smaller; spike 2'-7' long, l'-2 1/2' thick, many-flowered; flowers showy, violet-purple; lateral sepals round-ovate, 3"-4" long, the upper one smaller; petals smaller, round-obovate, clawed, entire, or slightly erose; lip 7"-10" long, 3-parted, the segments fan-shaped, cut-toothed, not fringed, the middle one 2-lobed; spur about as long as the ovary, curved, clavate; anther-sacs widely divergent, little separated; glands orbicular, oblique.

In moist meadows, New Jersey to Illinois, Missouri, Virginia, Alabama and Tennessee. Great purple orchis. July-Aug.

8 Blephariglottis Peramoena A Gray Rydb Fringeless 1380