A glabrous perennial herb, with erect, fibrous-coated bulb-like rootstocks. Leaves narrow, borne on the lower part of the stem, the outer ones reduced to sheathing scales. Flowers polygamous, in terminal panicles, the lower ones of each branch of the inflorescence fertile. Perianth-segments each bearing a thick yellow gland at the base. Stamens somewhat shorter than the perianth. Ovary 3-celled, each cavity with several ovules. Capsule conic, erect, tipped by the short styles. [Greek, the plant inhabiting both coastal and mountainous regions.]

A monotypic genus of the southeastern United States.

1. Oceanorus leimanthoides (A. Gray)

Small. Pine-Barren Oceanorus

Fig. 1234

Amianthium leimanthoides A. Gray, Ann. Lye.

N. Y. 4: 125. 1837. Zygadenus leimanthoides S. Wats. Proc. Am.

Acad. 14: 280. 1879. Oceanorus leimanthoides Small, Fl. SE. U. S. 252.


Stem slender, 1°-4° high, its base sheathed by short leaves which soon become fibrous. Leaves 2 "-4" wide, green on both sides, often 1° long, blunt, or the upper acuminate and much shorter; panicle 4'-12' long, its branches densely many-flowered, spreading or ascending; bractlets much shorter than the slender pedicels; lower flowers perfect, white or greenish, about 4" broad; perianth-segments oblong, obtuse, sessile, not clawed, adnate to the very base of the ovary; capsule ovoid, 4" high, much longer than the perianth.

In swamps or wet soil, Long Island to Georgia, North Carolina and Tennessee. July-Aug.

Small Pine Barren Oceanorus 1234