11. Rynchospora Smallii Britton. Small's Beaked-Rush

Fig. 851

R. Smallii Britton; Small, Fl. SE. U. S. 1321. 1903.

Culms rather stout, 40 high or less, tufted. Leaves flat, 1"-2 1/2" wide; spikelets several or numerous in several rather loose axillary clusters, 1 1/2"-2" long, fusiform, their scales brown; bristles upwardly barbed, as long as the achene and tubercle; achene narrowly obovate, brown, smooth, shining, about 3/4" long, the smooth tubercle about one-half as long.

Bogs and damp hillsides, New Jersey and Pennsylvania to North Carolina. July-Aug.

12. Rynchospora Cymosa Ell. Grass-Like Beaked-Rush

Fig. 852

Rynchospora cymosa Ell. Bot. S. C. & Ga. 1: 58. 1816. Schoenus cymosus Muhl. Gram. 8. 1817.

Light green, culms tufted, sharply 3-angled, smooth, 1°-2° tall. Leaves flat, narrowly linear, grass-like, l 1/2"-2" wide or the basal ones broader, the uppermost sometimes overtopping the culm; spikelets ovoid-oblong, acute, 1 1/2" long, sessile or nearly so, capitate in 2's-7's on the ultimate branches of the axillary and terminal clusters; bracts setaceous; scales dark brown, broadly ovate or suborbicular; bristles 6, upwardly barbed, shorter than the achene; achene broadly obovate to oblong, lenticular, transversely wrinkled; style 2-cleft; tubercle conic, one-fourth to one-third as long as the achene.

Moist soil, New Jersey to Illinois, Arkansas, Florida and Texas. Also in the West Indies and South America. June-Aug.

Rynchospora compressa Chapm., of the southeastern states and reported from Missouri, differs by a broader lid-like tubercle.

Rynchospora rariflora (Michx.) Ell., of the Southeastern States, Cuba and Jamaica, recently found at Cape May, New Jersey, has filiform culms and leaves and filiform-peduncled spikelets.

12 Rynchospora Cymosa Ell Grass Like Beaked Rush 852

13. Rynchospora Torreyana A. Gray. Torrey's Beakecl-Rush

Fig. 853

Rhynchospora Torreyana A. Gray, Ann. Lye. N. Y. 3: 197. 1835.

Culms terete or obscurely 3-angled, smooth, slender, 1 1/2°-3° tall. Leaves involute, the lower 1 1/2"-2" wide at the base and elongated, the upper bristle-like, distant; spikelets ovoid, 1 1/2" long, peduncled, numerous, in 1-4 loose distant clusters; scales brown, ovate, mucronate; bristles 6, upwardly barbed, shorter than the oblong-obovate transversely wrinkled lenticular achene; style 2-cleft; tubercle flat, conic, one-fourth to one-third as long as the achene.

In wet pine barrens, New Hampshire and Massachusetts to South Carolina and Georgia. July-Aug.

13 Rynchospora Torreyana A Gray Torrey s Beakecl R 853

14. Rynchospora Inexpansa (Michx.) Vahl. Nodding Beaked-Rush

Fig. 854

Schoenus inexpansus Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 35. 1803.

R. inexpansa Vahl, Enum. 2: 232. 1806.

Rootstocks slender, culms tufted, smooth, slender, 3-angled, 2°-3° tall. Leaves smooth, 1 1/2" wide or less, flat, the lower elongated, the upper bristle-like, remote; spikelets spindle-shaped, acute at both ends, about 3" long, numerous, in 1-4 narrow finally drooping panicles; scales brown, lanceolate, acuminate; bristles 6, upwardly hispid, very slender, about twice as long as the achene; achene narrowly oblong, transversely wrinkled; style 2-cleft; tubercle flat, triangular-subulate, one-half as long as the achene

Moist soil, Virginia to Louisiana. June-Aug.

14 Rynchospora Inexpansa Michx Vahl Nodding Beaked 854