32. Carex Decomposita Muhl. Large-Panicled Sedge

Fig. 899

Carex decomposita Muhl. Gram. 264. 1817.

Dark green, culms smooth and very obtusely angled or terete below, roughened above, rather stout, erect, 1 1/2°-3° tall. Leaves 2"-4" wide, rough, rather stiff, longer or shorter than the culm, equitant at the base; spikes brownish, staminate above, small and very numerous in a terminal decompound cluster 2'-6' long, the lower branches ascending and l'-2' long; bracts subulate or wanting; perigynia short-obovoid, 1"-1 1/4" long, somewhat shining, dark brown, thick and hard, strongly rounded and strongly nerved on outer surface, slightly rounded and faintly nerved on inner surface, very narrowly margined, tapering at base, very abruptly tipped with a very short slightly 2-toothed beak; scales ovate, scarious-margined, nearly equalling the perigynia; stigmas 2.

In swamps, New York to Ohio and Michigan, south to Florida and Louisiana. May-Aug.

32 Carex Decomposita Muhl Large Panicled Sedge 899

33. Carex Stipata Muhl. Awl-Fruited Sedge

Fig. 900

Carex stipata Muhl.; Willd. Sp. PI. 4: 233. 1805.

Culms erect or nearly so, sharply 3-angled before drying, slightly winged and strongly serrulate above, 1°-3 1/2° tall. Leaves flat, 2"- 4" wide, usually shorter than the culm, the sheaths strongly transversely rugulose; bracts short, bristle-form or wanting; spikes numerous, androgynous, yellowish brown, crowded into a terminal oblong head 1'- 4' long, the lowest sometimes branched; perigynia lanceolate, strongly nerved, rounded and spongy at base, short-stipitate, 2"-2 1/2" long, about 1" wide at the base, gradually tapering into a rough flattened 2-toothed beak 1-2 times as long as the body, giving the clusters a peculiarly bristly aspect; scales ovate or lanceolate, thin, hyaline, acuminate, much shorter than the perigynia; stigmas 2.

In swamps and wet meadows, Newfoundland to British Columbia, Florida, Tennessee, Missouri, New Mexico and California. Ascends to 4200 ft. in Virginia. May-July.

C. laevivaginata (Kiiken.) Mackenzie, ranging from Maryland to North Carolina, differs in sheaths not transversely rugulose and thickened at the mouth.

33 Carex Stipata Muhl Awl Fruited Sedge 900

34. Carex Crus-Corvi Shuttlw. Raven's-Foot Sedge

Fig. 901

Carex Crus-corvi Shuttlw.; Kunze, Riedg. Suppl. 128. pl.

32. 1844. C. sicaeformis Boott, Journ. Bost. Nat. Hist. Soc. 5: 113.

1845. Carex Halei Dewey, Am. Journ. Sci. (II.) 2: 248. 1846.

Pale green, culms in clumps, stout, 3-angled, very rough above, erect, 2°-4° tall. Leaves flat, 2V-6" wide, rough-margined, usually shorter than the culm, the sheaths conspicuously reddish dotted; spikes yellowish brown, staminate above, very numerous in a large compound branching terminal cluster 4'-12' long, 1'-3' thick; perigynia elongated-lanceolate, stipitate, strongly nerved, 1 1/3"-4 1/2" long, strongly spongy and with a short hard disk-like base and a subulate rough 2-toothed beak 3 to 4 times as long as the body; scales ovate or lanceolate, thin, much shorter than perigynia; stigmas 2.

In swamps, Indiana to southern Minnesota and Nebraska, Florida, Louisiana and Texas. May-July.

34 Carex Crus Corvi Shuttlw Raven s Foot Sedge 90134 Carex Crus Corvi Shuttlw Raven s Foot Sedge 902