125. Carex Blanda Dewey. Woodland Sedge

Fig. 992

Carex blanda Dewey, Am. Journ. Sci. 10: 45. 1826.

C. lax'xflora var. varians Bailey, Mem. Torr. Club 1: 32. 1889.

Glabrous, pale greerr, culms nearly smooth, flattened, usually coarsely cellular, loosely erect, 6'-2° high. Lower leaves usually shorter than culm, 1 1/2"-7" wide; the leaflike bracts and upper leaves with loose sheaths, their margins much crisped; staminate spike usually short-stalked or sessile, the scales rarely reddish-brown-tinged; pistillate spikes 2-4, oblong or linear-oblong, 3"-13" long, rather closely 8-25-flowered, the upper two contiguous to staminate spike and sessile or nearly so, the lower distant and stalked; perigynia obovoid, ascending, 1 1/4"-1 1/2" long, more than 1/2" thick, narrowed at base, strongly nerved, contracted into a short stout outwardly bent entire beak; scales ovate with broad white scarious margins usually shorter than the perigynia, the lower strongly awned.

Maine and Ontario to Virginia, Arkansas and Kansas. Intergrades with the next. May-July.

126. Carex Laxiflora Lam. Loose-Flowered Sedge

Fig. 993

Carex laxiflora Lam. Encycl. 3: 392. 1789.

Carex laxiflora var. gracillima Boott, 111. Car. 1: 37. 1858.

Glabrous, rather pale green, culms erect or reclining, slender, roughish above, 6'-2° long, scarcely if at all two-edged. Leaves 1 1/2"-3 1/2" wide, soft, the lower mostly shorter than the culm, the bracts similar to the culm-leaves sometimes overtopping the spikes, their sheaths tight, the margins little crinkled; staminate spike usually stalked, its scales rarely reddish-brown tinged; pistillate spikes 2-4, distant, linear-cylindric, loosely several-many-flowered, 1/2'-1 1/4' long, 1 1/2-2" thick, more or less peduncled, spreading, or the upper erect; perigynia ascending, obovoid, more or less oblique, 1 1/4"-1 1/2" long, rather more than i" thick, narrowed at the base, strongly many-nerved, contracted into a short stout outwardly bent entire beak; scales ovate with broad white scarious margins, usually shorter than the perigynia, at least the lower strongly awned; stigmas 3.

In meadows and thickets, eastern Quebec and Ontario to Minnesota, south to Florida, Alabama and Texas. May-July.

126 Carex Laxiflora Lam Loose Flowered Sedge 993126 Carex Laxiflora Lam Loose Flowered Sedge 994

127. Carex Anceps Muhl. Two-Edged Sedge

Fig. 994

C. anceps Muhl.; Willd. Sp. PI. 4: 278. 1805.

C. anceps var. patulifolia Dewey, Wood's Bot. 423. 1845.

C. laxiflora var. patulifolia Carey, in A. Gray, Man. Ed. 2,

524. 1856. C. laxiflora var. leptonervia Fernald, Rhodora 8: 184. 1906.

Glabrous, deep green, culms nearly smooth, often much flattened, loosely erect, 6-20 high. Lower leaves shorter than culm, 2 1/2"-10" wide; bracts similar to narrower culm-leaves, the upper usually overtopping the spikes; staminate spike prominent, long- or short-stalked, the scales rarely reddish-brown tinged; pistillate spikes 2-4, loosely and alternately 5-15-flowered, distant and slenderly stalked or the upper approximate and short-stalked; perigynia appressed-ascending, elliptic-obovoid, obtusely 3-ang]ed, strongly nerved or nearly nerveless, 1 3/4" long, 3/4" wide, tipped with a short straight or slightly oblique beak; scales ovate, scarious, the lower abruptly short-awned; stigmas 3.

Woods, Newfoundland to Michigan, North Carolina and Tennessee. May-July.