206. Carex Fulvescens Mackenzie. Tawny Sedge

Fig. 1073

C. fulvescens Mackenzie, Bull. Torr. Club 37: 239. 1910.

Glabrous, yellow-green, culms slender, erect, 6-20' tall, smooth or slightly roughened on angles. Leaves 3/4"-1 1/4" wide, flat, shorter than the culm, the lower bract shorter than the culm, ascending, long-sheathing; staminate spike solitary, strongly peduncled; pistillate spikes 1-3, oblong, erect, widely separate, the lower strongly ex-ert-peduncled, the upper short exsert-pedun-cled, densely 15-40-flowered, 4"-10" long, 3 1/2"-5" thick; perigynia narrowly ovoid, yellowish-green, appressed-ascending, 2 1/2" long, 1" wide, finely several-nerved, contracted into a rough bidentate beak half as long as body; scales ovate, acute or obtuse, brown with conspicuous white scarious margins, somewhat shorter than perigynia; stigmas 3.

In wet places, Anticosti, Miquelon and probably Newfoundland; also collected near Boston, Mass. Related to the European Carex fulva Good, and probably mistaken for it, but apparently distinct. July-Sept.

206 Carex Fulvescens Mackenzie Tawny Sedge 1073206 Carex Fulvescens Mackenzie Tawny Sedge 1074

207. Carex Extensa Gooden. Long-Bracted Sedge

Fig. 1074

Carex extensa Gooden. Trans. Linn. Soc. 2: 175. 1794.

Glabrous, bright green, culms stiff, erect, io'-2° tall. Leaves about 1' wide, strongly involute, erect, the lower bract similar, much exceeding the spikes, sheathing, the upper shorter, sometimes spreading; staminate spike sessile or nearly so, rarely pistillate at the base; pistillate spikes 1-3, erect, sessile and close together or the lowest short-stalked and distant, oblong, densely 15-50-flowered, 3 1/2"-10" long, 3"-4" thick; perigynia ovoid or ovoid-oblong, brown, 1 3/4" long, narrowed at the base, strongly several-ribbed and with thick walls, contracted into a short stout 2-toothed beak; scales ovate, acute, brown with a greenish midvein, shorter than the perigynia; stigmas 3.

Borders of salt meadows, Coney Island, N. Y., and near Norfolk, Va. Naturalized from Europe. June-Aug.

208. Carex Oederi Retz. Green Sedge

Fig. 1075

Carex Oederi Retz, Fl. Scand. Prodr. 179. 1779. Carex viridula Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 170. 1803. C. ftava var. viridula Bailey. Mem. Torr. Club 1:31. 1889. Carex flava var. cyperoides Marss. Fl. Neuroys. 537. 1869. Carex Oederi var. pumila (Coss. & Germ.) Fernald, Rhodora 8: 201. 1906.

Glabrous, bright green, culms slender, smooth, erect, 3-15' tall, often exceeded by the erect narrow basal leaves. Leaves 1 1/2" or less wide, the bracts similar, usually strictly erect and much overtopping the spikes; staminate spike sessile or short-peduncled; pistillate spikes 2-10, all close together and sessile or scattered and short-stalked, oblong-cylindric to globose-oblong, 2"-6" long, 2"- 31 /2" in diameter; perigynia ovoid-oval, 1"-1 1/2" long, strongly few-nerved, narrowed at the base, abruptly contracted into a 2-toothed beak scarcely one-half as long as the body; scales ovate, much shorter than the perigynia and about as wide; stigmas 3.

In bogs and on wet rocks, Newfoundland to Hudson Bay and the Northwest Territory, south to Maine, Pennsylvania. Minnesota, Utah and Washington. Summer.

208 Carex Oederi Retz Green Sedge 1075