212. Carex Abacta Bailey. Yellowish Sedge

Fig. 1079

Carer rostrata Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 173. 1803. Not Stokes,

1787. Carex Micliauxiana Boeckl. Linnaea 40: 336. 1877. Not C.

Michauxii Schwein. 1824. Carex abacta Bailey, Bull. Torr. Club 20: 427. 1893.

Glabrous, whole plant yellowish, culm erect or slightly assurgent at the base, rather stiff, slender, 1°-2° high. Leaves narrow, the broadest about 2" wide, the uppermost often exceeding the culm; staminate spike terminal, sessile or very nearly so; pistillate spikes I to 3, several-many-flowered, the tipper sessile or very nearly so and closely approximate, the third, when present, remote and borne on a long stalk; bracts similar to the leaves, usually erect and overtopping the culm; perigynia lanceolate, 4"-7' long, less than 1" thick at the base, narrow, scarcely inflated, erect or spreading, tapering into a subulate 2-toothed beak, rather strongly many-nerved, about twice as long as the lanceolate or ovate, acute or short-acuminate scale; achenes oblong-obovoid, 1 1/2" long; stigmas 3.

In bogs and wet meadows, Labrador and Newfoundland to New Hampshire, New York and Pennsylvania, west to Michigan. Ascends to 5000 ft. in New Hampshire. Also in eastern Asia. June-Sept.

212 Carex Abacta Bailey Yellowish Sedge 1079212 Carex Abacta Bailey Yellowish Sedge 1080

213. Carex Folliculata L. Long Sedge

Fig. 1080

Carex folliculata L. Sp. PI. 978. 1753-

C. xanthophysa Wahl. Vet. Akad. Handl. 24: 152. 1803.

Glabrous, light green or yellowish, culm stout or slender, erect or reclining, 1 1/2°-3 1/2° long. Leaves broad and elongated, sometimes overtopping the culm, 2"-8" wide; staminate spike stalked or nearly sessile; pistillate spikes 2-5, usually distant, all except the uppermost slender-stalked, several-many-flowered, the lower often nodding on a long stalk; bracts commonly overtopping the spikes; perigynia lanceolate, slightly inflated, ascending or spreading, rather prominently many-veined, 6"-8" long, 1 1/2" in diameter near the base, tapering from below the middle into a slender 2-toothed beak, one-third to one-half longer than the awned, broadly scarious-margined, persistent scale; achenes oblong-obovoid, 1 3/4" long; long; stigmas 3.

In swamps and wet woods, Newfoundland to Michigan, south to North Carolina. May-Sept.

214. Carex Miliaris Michx. Northeastern Sedge

Fig. 1081

Carex miliaris Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 174. 1803. Carex saxatilis var. miliaris Bailey, Bot. Gaz. 9: 120. 1884.

Glabrous, culm very slender, erect, smooth below inflorescence, little filamentose at base, 1°-2° tall, the rootstocks creeping. Leaves about 1" wide, elongated, nodulose, the upper about equalling the culm; bracts similar to the leaves, often overtopping the culm; staminate spikes 1 or 2, stalked, narrowly linear; pistillate spikes 1-3, slender, oblong-cylindric, many-flowered, 4"-l' long, about 2 1/2"-3 1/2" thick; the upper sessile, the lowest more or less stalked; perigynia not inflated, ovoid, faintly few-nerved or nerveless, 1"-1 1/2" long, brown-tipped, tapering into a short, emarginate beak, slightly longer than the ovate or ovate-lanceolate, wholly or partly brown, obtusish to cuspidate scale; stigmas 2.

Borders of lakes and streams, Labrador and Hudson Bay, south to central Maine. Probably intergrades with the next. Summer.

214 Carex Miliaris Michx Northeastern Sedge 1081