A stout erect rough and puberulent herb, with alternate and opposite petioled digitately 5-11-divided thin leaves, persistent subulate stipules, and greenish dioecious axillary flowers, the staminate panicled, the pistillate spicate. Staminate flowers with a 5-parted calyx, the sepals distinct and imbricated, and 5 short stamens. Pistillate flowers solitary in the axils of foliaceous bracts, consisting of a thin entire calyx clasping the sessile ovary, and 2 filiform caducous stigmas. Fruit a compressed achene. Embryo curved. [The classic name of hemp.]

A monotypic genus of central Asia.

1. Cannabis Sativa L. Hemp. Red-Root

Fig. 1555

Cannabis sativa L. Sp. PI. 1027. 1753.

An annual branching herb, 3°-10° tall, the inner fibrous bark very tough, the branches nearly erect. Leaves divided to the base, the segments lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, acuminate at both ends, sharply and coarsely serrate, 3'-6' long, 1/4'-l' wide; staminate panicles narrow, loose, peduncled, 3-5' long; pedicels filiform, bracteolate, 1"-3" long; pistillate spikes erect, leafy-bracted, 1' long or less in fruit; achene crusta-ceous, ovoid-oblong, about 2" high.

In waste places, New Brunswick to Ontario and Minnesota, south to North Carolina, Tennessee and Kansas. Widely distributed in all temperate regions through cultivation, and occasionally a troublesome weed. Native of Europe and Asia. July-Sept. Gallow-grass. Neckweed.

1 Cannabis Sativa L Hemp Red Root 1555