2. Tradescantia Bracteata Small. Long-Bracted Spiderwort

Fig. 1155

Tradescantia bracteata Small; Britt. & Br. 111. Fl. 3: 510. 1898.

Perennial, deep green, glabrous to the inflorescence, or nearly so. Stems erect, 4'-12' tall, simple or sparingly branched; leaves linear to linear-lanceolate, 4'-8' long, long-acuminate; sheaths paler than the leaf-blades, conspicuously ribbed, glabrous, or the upper ones sometimes ciliate; involucres of 2 bracts, these broader than the leaves, more or less strongly saccate at the base, ciliate and often sparingly villous on the back; umbellike cymes few-flowered; pedicels glandular-pubescent, 1/2'-1' long; sepals ovate-lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, glandular, more or less involute; corolla blue or reddish, about 1' broad.

In sandy soil, Minnesota to South Dakota, south to Missouri, Kansas and Texas. Spring and summer. Ascends to 7500 ft. in the Black Hills.

2 Tradescantia Bracteata Small Long Bracted Spider 1155

3. Tradescantia Occidentalis (Britton) Smyth. Western Spiderwort

Fig. 1156

T. virginiana occidentalis Britton; Britt. & Brown, 111. Fl. 377. 1896.

T. occidentalis Smyth, Trans. Kans. Acad. Sci. 16: 163. 1899.

Mostly glabrous to the inflorescence, bright green. Stems solitary, erect, 1°-21/2° tall, simple; leaves linear, 8-12' long, involutely folded, curved; sheaths 5"-20" long, conspicuously ribbed, rarely with a few cilia; bracts of the involucre 2, linear, slightly unequal; pedicels rather slender, 5"-10" long; sepals oblong or elliptic, apparently lanceolate by the involute edges, 4"-5" long, glandular-pilose; petals blue or reddish, almost 5" long, orbicular-ovate; capsules obovoid or oblong, 2 1/2"-3" long, puberulent at the apex; seeds 1 1/2" long, pitted and ridged.

On sand-hills, Iowa to Texas, South Dakota and Colorado. June-Aug.

3 Tradescantia Occidentalis Britton Smyth Western  11563 Tradescantia Occidentalis Britton Smyth Western  1157

4. Tradescantia Virginiana L. Spider-Wort. Trinity

Fig. 1157

Tradescantia virginiana L. Sp. PI. 288. 1753.

Glabrous or slightly pubescent, succulent, glaucous or green, stems stout, 8'-3° tall. Leaves more or less channeled, or in some forms nearly flat, linear or linear-lanceolate, long-acuminate, often more than 1° long, 4"-1' wide; bracts folia-ceous, commonly rather wider and shorter than the leaves; umbels solitary and terminal or rarely 2-4, loosely several-many-flowered; pedicels glabrous or pubescent, slender; flowers blue or purplish, rarely white, 1'-2' broad, very showy; sepals oblong or oblong-lanceolate, acute or obtuse, glabrous or pubescent, 4"-10" long, much longer than the capsule.

In rich soil, mostly in woods and thickets, southern New York to Ohio and South Dakota, south to Virginia, Kentucky and Arkansas. Escaped from cultivation farther north. Ascends to 4000 ft. in Virginia. Spider-lily. May-Aug.