Scapose herbs, similar to the onions, but without alliaceous odor, with membranous-coated bulbs, narrowly linear basal leaves and small yellow or yellowish-green flowers in an erect terminal simple 2-bracted umbel. Perianth 6-parted to the base, withering-persistent, its segments i-nerved. Stamens 6, inserted on the bases of the perianth-segments; filaments filiform or subulate; anther-sacs introrsely dehiscent. Ovary sessile, 3-celled; ovules several in each cavity; style filiform, jointed near the base, but commonly persistent; stigma small, capitate. Capsule 3-lobed, loculicidal. Seeds angled or flattish, black. [Greek, signifying false garlic]

About 10 species, the following in the United States, West Indies and Mexico, 8 or 9 in tropical and South America, 1 Chinese. Type species: Nothoscordum pulchellum Kunth.

1. Nothoscordum Bivalve (L.) Britton. Yellow False Garlic

Fig. 1253

Ornithogalum bivalve L. Sp. PI. 306. 1753. Allium ornithogaloides Walt. Fl. Car. 121. 1788. Allium striatum Jacq. Coll. Suppl. 51. 1796. Nothoscordum striatum Kunth, Enum. 4: 459. 1843.

Bulb globose, less than 1' in diameter, its coats membranous. Leaves 1/2"-2 1/2" wide, flat, blunt or acutish, shorter than the scape or equalling it; bracts of the umbel lanceolate, acuminate, membranous, persistent; umbel 6-12-flowered; pedicels filiform, usually unequal, becoming rather rigid and l'-2' long in fruit; flowers 5"-6" long; perianth-segments thin, oblong-lanceolate, acute, longer than the stamens; capsule obovoid or somewhat depressed, obtusely 3-lobed, 2"-3" high, the style as long or slightly longer.

In sandy soil, Virginia to Ohio, Tennessee, Nebraska, Florida, Texas and Mexico. Ascends to 1500 ft. in Georgia. Also in Bermuda and in Jamaica. March-July.

1 Nothoscordum Bivalve L Britton Yellow False Garl 1253