Tall bulbous berbs, with simple leafy stems, and large erect or drooping showy flowers. Perianth funnelform or campanulate, deciduous, of 6 separate spreading or recurved segments, each with a nectar-bearing groove at its base within. Stamens 6, mostly shorter than the perianth, hypogynous, slightly attached to the segments; filaments filiform or subulate; anthers linear, versatile, their sacs longitudinally dehiscent. Ovary 3-celled; ovules numerous; style long, somewhat club-shaped above; stigma 3-lobed. Capsule oblong or obovoid, loculicidally dehiscent. Seeds numerous, flat, horizontal, packed in 2 rows in each cavity. [Latin, from the Greek name of the Lily, said to be from the Celtic li, white.]

About 45 species, natives of the north temperate zone. Besides the following, some 8 others occur in western North America. Type species: Lilium cdndidum L.

Flower or flowers erect; perianth-segments narrowed into long claws.

Perianth-segments merely acute.

Leaves lanceolate, nearly all verticillate.


L. philadelphicuin.

Leaves narrowly linear, nearly all alternate.


L. umbellatum.

Perianth-segments long-acuminate; leaves all alternate, appressed.


L. Catesbaei.

Flowers drooping or spreading; perianth-segments not clawed.

Leaves or most of them verticillate, their axils not bulbiferous; native species.

Leaves finely roughened on the veins beneath.

Perianth-segments recurved or spreading.


L. canadense.

Perianth-segments not recurved; mountain species.


L. Grayi.

Leaves perfectly smooth; perianth-segments recurved.

Leaves lanceolate; stem 3°-10° tall; flowers 1-40.


L. superbum.

Leaves oblanceolate; stem 2°-3° tall; flowers 1-3.


L. carolinianum.

Leaves alternate, crowded; upper axils bulb-bearing; escaped from gardens.


L. tigrinum.

6 Lilium L Sp Pi 302 1753 1255

1. Lilium Philadelphicum L. Red Lily. Wood Lily. Philadelphia Lily

Fig. 1255

Lilium philadelphicum L. Sp. PI. Ed. 2, 435. 1762.

Bulb 1' in diameter or less, composed of narrow jointed fleshy scales. Stem 1°-3° tall, with a few distant scales below, leafy above; leaves lanceolate, acute at both ends or the lower sometimes obtuse, 1'-4' long, 3"-7" wide, all verticillate in 3's-8's, or a few of them alternate, thin, the margins finely roughened; flowers 1-5, erect. 2 1/2'-4' high; perianth reddish orange, its segments spatulate, somewhat spreading, acute or obtusish, the blade 1/2-1' wide, rather gradually narrowed into the claw, purple spotted below; capsule obovoid-oval, 1 1/4'-2' high; seeds 3"-4" long, narrowly winged.

In dry woods and thickets, Maine to Ontario, south to North Carolina and West Virginia. Ascends to 4000 ft. in Virginia. Glade-, flame- or huckleberry-lily. Wild orange- or tiger-lily. June-July.