2. Corallorrhiza Maculata Raf. Large Coral-Root

Fig. 1414

C. maculata Raf. Am. Month. Mag. 2: 119. 1817. Corallorrhiza multiflora Nutt. Journ. Acad. Phila. 3: 138. pl. 7. 1823.

Scape 8'-2o' high, purplish, clothed with several appressed scales. Raceme 2'-8' long, 10-30-flowered; flowers mainly brownish purple, short-pedicelled; sepals and petals somewhat connivent at the base, linear-lanceolate, about 3" long; lip white, spotted and lined with crimson, oval or ovate in outline, deeply 3-lobed, crenulate, bearing two narrow lamellae, the middle lobe broader than the lateral ones, its apex curved; spur manifest, yellowish; capsule ovoid or oblong, 5"-8" long, drooping.

In woods, Nova Scotia to British Columbia, south to Florida, Missouri, New Mexico and California. A race with yellow scapes and flowers occurs occasionally. Dragon's-claws. July-Sept.

2 Corallorrhiza Maculata Raf Large Coral Root 14142 Corallorrhiza Maculata Raf Large Coral Root 1415

3. Corallorrhiza Wisteriana Conrad. Wis-Ter's Coral-Root

Fig. 1415

C. Wisteriana Conrad, Journ. Acad. Phila. 6: 145. 1829.

Stem slender, but sometimes stouter than that of the preceding species, 8'-16' high, bearing several sheathing scales. Raceme 2'-5' long, loose, 6-16-flowered; flowers slender-pedicelled, ascending or erect; sepals and petals 2 1/2"-3 1/2" long; lip broadly oval or obovate, 3"-4" long, abruptly clawed, white with crimson spots, crenulate, notched at the apex; lamellae, 2 short prominent ridges; spur, a somewhat conspicuous protuberance adnate to the top of the ovary; column strongly 2-winged toward the base; capsule elliptic-oblong or oblong-obovoid, about 5" long, drooping when ripe.

In woods, New England; Pennsylvania to Ohio, Florida and Texas. Feb.-May.

4. Corallorrhiza Odontorhiza (Willd.) Nutt. Small Or Late Coral-Root

Fig. 1416

Cymbidium odontorrhizon Willd. Sp. PI. 4: 110. 1805. Corallorrhiza odontorrhiza Nutt. Gen. 2: 197. 1818.

Scape slender, purplish, 6' - 15' high. Raceme 2'-4' long, 6-20-flowered; flowers mainly purplish; sepals and petals lanceolate, 2" long or less, marked with purple lines; lip about as long as the petals, broadly oval or obovate, entire or denticulate, narrowed at the base, not notched, whitish, spotted with purple; spur, a small sac adnate to the top of the ovary; wings of the column very narrow.

In woods, Maine to Ontario, Michigan, Florida and Missouri. Ascends to 3000 ft. in North Carolina. Turkey-claw. Dragon's-claw. Crawley-root. July-Sept.

4 Corallorrhiza Odontorhiza Willd Nutt Small Or La 14164 Corallorrhiza Odontorhiza Willd Nutt Small Or La 1417

5. Corallorrhiza Ochroleuca Rydb. Yellow Coral-Root

Fig. 1417

Corallorrhiza ochroleuca Rydb. Bull. Torr. Club 31: 402. 1904.

Scape stout, yellow, 7-16' high. Raceme 3'-5' long, 10-15-flowered; flowers yellow; sepals and petals oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 5"-6" long, not striped; lip yellow, shorter than the petals, ovate, entire, rounded at the base, obtuse; spur small, adnate to the ovary; wings of the column narrow.

In canons, western Nebraska and Colorado. June-July.

6. Corallorrhiza Striata Lindl. Striped Coral-Root

Fig. 1418

C. striata Lindl. Gen. & Sp. Orch. 534. 1840.

Corallorrhiza Macraei A. Gray, Man. Ed. 2, 453. 1856.

Scape stout, purplish, 8'-2o' high. Raceme 2'-6' long, 10-25-flowered. Flowers dark purple; sepals and petals narrowly elliptic, striped with deeper purple lines, 6"-7" long, spreading; lip oval or obovate, striate-veined, entire or a little undulate, somewhat narrowed at the base, about .as long as the petals, bearing two short lamellae; spur none, but the perianth has a gibbous saccate base; capsule ellipsoid, reflexed, 8"-10" long.

In woods, Ontario and northern New York to Michigan, Oregon and California. July.

6 Corallorrhiza Striata Lindl Striped Coral Root 1418