This section is from the book "An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions Vol2", by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. Also available from Amazon: An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Volume Set..
[Oakesia Tuckerm. in Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. 1: 445. 1842.] Low, much branched shrubs, with narrowly linear leaves crowded on the branches, and small dioecious or polygamous flowers in terminal heads. Corolla none. Staminate flowers with 3 or sometimes 4 long-exserted stamens, occasionally with a rudimentary or perfect pistil. Pistillate flowers with a 2-5-celled (mostly 3-celled) ovary and a slender 2-5-cleft style, the stigmatic branches very slender, sometimes toothed. Drupe globose, usually with 3 nutlets. [Greek, a broom, in allusion to the bushy habit.]
Two species, the following of the eastern United States, the other, the generic type, of southwestern Europe, the Azores and Canaries.
Empetrum Conradii Torr. Ann. Lye. N. Y. 4: 83.
1837. C. Conradii Torr.; Loudon, Encycl. Trees 1092. 1842.
Much branched, 6'-2° high, the young twigs puberulent and densely leafy, the branches minutely scarred by the persistent pulvini. Leaves 2"-3" long, rather less than i ' wide, obtuse, glabrous when mature, bright green; flowers numerous in the terminal sessile heads, the pistillate ones almost concealed by the upper leaves, the staminate conspicuous by the exserted purple stamens; drupes nearly dry, less than 1" in diameter.
In rocky or sandy soil, Newfoundland to Massachusetts and New Jersey, mostly near the coast; but occurring in one station on the Shawangunk Mountains in Ulster Co., N. Y. Local. Usually growing in large patches. April-May. Brown or Plymouth crowberry. Poverty-grass.