This section is from the book "An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions Vol2", by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. Also available from Amazon: An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Volume Set..
An erect perennial herb, with thickened rootstocks, and ternately compound leaves. Sepals 6, oblong, the calyx 3-4-bracted. Petals 6, smaller, cucullate, opposite the sepals. Stamens 6; anthers oblong, dehiscent by valves. Pistil 1; style short; stigma lateral; ovules 2, ripening into large globose stipitate blue seeds, resembling berries, which in growth soon rupture the membranous caducous pericarp. [Greek, stem-leaf.]
Two known species; the following typical one of eastern and central North America, the other of eastern Asia.
Leontice thalictroides L. Sp. Pl. 312. 1753.
C. thalictroides Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 205. 1803.
Glabrous, glaucous when young, 1°-3° high, with 2 or 3 large sheathing bracts at the base, a large tritcrnate nearly sessile leaf near the summit, and generally a smaller similar one near the base of the inflorescence. Divisions of the leaves long-petioled, ternately or pinnately compound, the ultimate segments thin, 1'-3' long, oval, oblong or obovate, 3-5-lobed near the apex; panicle terminal, 2'-3' long; flowers greenish purple, 4"-6" broad; seeds globular, 4" in diameter, glaucous, borne on stout stalks about 3" long.
In woods, New Brunswick to South Carolina, west to Manitoba, Tennessee, Nebraska and Missouri. -Ascends to 5000 ft. in North Carolina. April-May. Blueberry. Blue-ginsing. Blueberry-, squaw- or papoose-root.