Annual, diffuse or ascending, glabrous fleshy branching herbs, with purplish or white flowers. Siliques sessile on the calyx, flattened or ridged, indehiscent, 2-jointed, the joints 1-celled and 1-seeded, or the lower one seedless, separating when ripe. Style none; cotyledons accumbent. [Old Arabic name.]

A genus of several species, natives of sea and lake shores of Europe and North America, one of them extending into tropical regions. Type species: Bunias Cakile L.

44 Cak le Tourn Mill Gard Dict Abr Ed 4 1754 454

1. Cakile EdÚntula (Bigel.) Hook. American Sea Rocket

Fig. 2112

Bunias edentula Bigel. Fl. Bost. 157. 1814.

Cakile americana Nutt. Gen. 2: 62. 1818.

Cakile edentula Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 59. 1830.

Very fleshy throughout, bushy-branched from a deep root, the lower branches spreading or ascending, the central ones erect, 1° in height or less. Leaves oblanceolate, or obovate, obtuse, sinuate-dentate or lobed, narrowed at the base, the lower 3'-5' long; flowers light purple, 2"-3" broad; petals long-clawed, more than twice the length of the sepals; pod 6"-10" long, upper joint slightly longer than the lower, ovoid, angled, flattened, narrowed into a beak above; lower joint obovoid. not flattened.

In sands of the seashore, Newfoundland to New Jersey and Florida, and along the Great Lakes, New York to Minnesota. Also on the California coast. Summer.