25. Crataegus Bicknélli Eggleston. Bicknell's Thorn


Crataegus rotundifolia var. Bicknellii Eggl. Rhodora 10:

79. 1908. Crataegus Bicknellii Eggl. Bull. Torr. Club 38: 244. 1911.

A round-topped shrubby tree, not more than 10° high with numerous stout spines 1'-2 1/2' long. Leaves ovate or oblong-ovate, 1 1/2'-3' long, 1 1/4'-2 3/4' wide, acute at the apex, broadly cuneate or rounded at the base, sharply doubly serrate with acute lobes towards the apex, dark green and shining above, paler and glabrous beneath; corymbs glabrous; flowers 8" or 9" broad; stamens about 10; anthers light purple; styles and nutlets 4 or 5; calyx-lobes long-acuminate, laciniate; fruit globose, red, about 5" thick; calyx-lobes reflexed, persistent, conspicuously lobed; flesh soft at maturity.

Nantucket Island, Massachusetts. June; fruit ripe September.

25 Crataegus Bickn LLI Eggleston Bicknell s Thorn 701

26. Crataegus Oakesiàna Eggleston. Oakes' Thorn

Fig. 2360

C. Oakesiana Eggl. Torreya 7: 35. Feb. 1907.

A round-topped shrub or tree, sometimes 20o high. Spines numerous, 3/4'-1 1/2' long. Leaves ovate to broadly ovate, acute or acuminate at the apex, gradually or abruptly cuneate at the base, doubly serrate towards the apex, 1'-2 3/4' long, 1'-2 1/4' wide, slightly pubescent above, becoming glabrate, paler and glabrous beneath; corymbs slightly villous; flowers about 10" broad; calyx villous, its lobes glabrous outside; stamens about 20, anthers yellow; styles and nutlets 3-5; fruit pyriform-ellipsoid, slightly angular, yellowish-red, about 10" thick, calyx-lobes deciduous; flesh soft, mealy, light yellow.

Locally common along the Connecticut River in Essex Co., Vermont. May; fruit ripe August.

26 Crataegus Oakesi Na Eggleston Oakes Thorn 702

27. Crataegus Chrysocàrpa Ashe. Round-Leaved Thorn

Fig. 2361

Mespilus rotundifolia Ehrh. Beitr. 3: 30. 1788. Crataegus rotundifolia Borckh. in Roem. Arch. 13: 87.

1798. Not Lam. Ency. 1: 84. 1783. Crataegus chrysocarpa Ashe, Bull. N. Car. Agri. Coll.

175: 110. 1900. C. sheridana A. Nelson, Bot. Gaz. 34: 370. 1902. C. Doddsii Ramaley, Bot. Gaz. 46: 5: 381. 1908.

A beautiful round-topped shrub, or a tree occasionally 250 high, with numerous spines, 1'-3' long. Leaves ovate-orbicular or obovate, 1 1/4'-2' long, 3/4'-2 1/4' wide, acute at the apex, broadly cuneate at base, doubly serrate with rather coarse teeth and with 3 or 4 pairs of acute lobes, subcoriaceous, dark yellow-green and shining above, slightly pubescent or glabrous; corymbs pubescent or glabrous; flowers 7" or 9" broad; stamens 5-10; styles and nutlets usually 3 or 4; calyx-lobes lanceolate, acuminate, usually entire but glandular-margined; fruit depressed-globose to short-ovoid, about 5" thick, red; flesh soft; calyx-lobes reflexed.

Nova Scotia and New Brunswick to Saskatchewan, south to North Carolina, Nebraska, and in the Rocky Mts. to New Mexico. May; fruit ripe August-September.

27 Crataegus Chrysoc Rpa Ashe Round Leaved Thorn 703