Perennial creeping or spreading herbs, with long-petioled, mostly lobed, palmately veined leaves, and solitary axillary white to violet flowers. Calyx 5-parted. Corolla irregular, 2-lipped, short-spurred; upper lip 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed; throat nearly or quite closed by the palate. Stamens 4, didynamous, ascending, included, the filaments filiform. Style very slender. Capsule dehiscent by 2 terminal 3-toothed pores. Seeds numerous, small. [From the Greek for cymbal.]

About 9 species, natives of the Old World, the following typical.

1. Cymbalaria Cymbalaria (L.) Wettst. Kenil-Worth Or Coliseum Ivy

Fig. 3739

Antirrhinum Cymbalaria L. Sp. Pl. 612. 1753. Linaria Cymbalaria Mill. Gard. Dict. Ed. 8, no. 17. 1768. Cymbalaria Cymbalaria Wettst. in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pfl. Fam. 4: Abt. 3b, 58. 1891.

Perennial, glabrous; stem trailing, branched, often rooting at the nodes, 3-12' long. Leaves slender-petioled, • reniform-orbicular, palmately 3-5-veined,3-5-lobed,1/4'-1' in diameter, the lobes broad and obtuse; petioles usually as long as the blade; flowers axillary, solitary, blue or lilac, 4"-5" long; peduncles slender, recurved, shorter than the petioles; calyx-segments lanceolate, acute; palate yellowish; capsule globose, several-seeded; seeds rugose, wingless.

Waste places and roadsides, adventive from Europe, Ontario to New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and in seaport ballast. Other English names are ivy-leaved toadflax, ivy-weed. Climbing or roving sailor. Aaron's-beard. Wandering jew. Mother-of-thousands. Oxford-weed. Pennywort. June-Aug.

1 Cymbalaria Cymbalaria L Wettst Kenil Worth Or Co 410