7. Gnaphalium Norvegicum Gunner. Norwegian Cudweed

Fig. 4412

G. norvegicum Gunner, Fl. Norveg. 2: 105. 1772.

Perennial; stem simple, 6'-18' high. Leaves lanceolate to spatulate, elongated, acute, narrowed at the base, woolly on both sides, or green and glabrate above, 3'-6' long, 2"-5" wide, the lower and basal ones petioled; heads about 3" high, numerous in a more or less leafy spike, the lowest often distant, solitary or glomerate in the upper axils; bracts of the involucre ovate-oblong, dark brown, or brown-tipped, glabrous or slightly woolly, obtuse; pappus-bristles united at the base, falling away in a ring; achenes hispidulous.

Mt. Albert, Gaspe, Quebec, north to Greenland and Arctic America. Also in Europe. July-Aug.

8. Gnaphalium Sylvaticum L. Wood Cudweed. Chafweed. Owl's Crown. Golden Motherwort

Fig. 4413

Gnaphalium sylvaticum L. Sp. Pl. 856. 1753.

Perennial; stem slender, simple, 6-18' high. Leaves linear, acute, l'-2' long, 1"-2 1/2" wide, or the lowest linear-spatulate, woolly beneath, glabrous or glabrate above; heads about 3" high, numerous in a more or less leafy spike, or the lowest solitary or glomerate. in the upper axils; bracts of the involucre linear-oblong, obtuse, mostly glabrous, yellowish or greenish with a brown spot at or just below the apex; pappus-bristles united at the base; achenes hispidulous.

New Brunswick and Cape Breton Island to Quebec and northern Maine and New Hampshire. Widely distributed in Europe and northern Asia. June-Aug.

8 Gnaphalium Sylvaticum L Wood Cudweed Chafweed Ow 10848 Gnaphalium Sylvaticum L Wood Cudweed Chafweed Ow 1085

9. Gnaphalium Purpureum L. Purplish Cudweed

Fig. 4414

Gnaphalium purpureum L. Sp. Pl. 854. 1753.

Annual or biennial, simple and erect or branched from the base and the branches ascending, 2'-2° high. Leaves spatulate, or the uppermost linear, mostly obtuse, mucronulate, woolly beneath, usually green and glabrous or nearly so above when old, sessile, or the lowest narrowed into petioles, 1'-2' long, 2"-6" wide; heads 2"-2i" high in a terminal, sometimes leafy, often interrupted spike, or the lowest ones distant and axillary; bracts of the involucre yellowish brown or purplish, lanceolate-oblong, acute or acutish, the outer woolly at the base; pappus-bristles united below; achenes roughish.

In dry sandy soil, eastern Maine to Florida, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Kentucky, Kansas and Texas. Bermuda; Jamaica; Mexico. Far western plants for-merely referred to this species prove to be distinct. May-Sept.