1. Antennaria Carpathica (Wahl.) Hook. Carpathian Everlasting

Fig. 4393

Gnaphalium carpathicum Wahl. Fl. Carp. 258. pl. 3. 1814.

Antennaria carpathica Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 329. 1833.

Plant floccose-woolly throughout, not stoloniferous; stem 2-10' high, simple. Basal leaves oblanceolate or oblong, obtuse or acutish at the apex, narrowed at the base into short petioles, 1'-2' long, 2"-4' wide; stem leaves linear, acute or acutish, erect, the upper gradually smaller; heads in a terminal subcapitate cluster, or rarely solitary, 2 1/2"-3" broad; involucre 2"-3" high, woolly at the base, its bracts brownish purple, the inner ones of the fertile heads mostly acutish, those of the sterile heads mainly obtuse.

In dry soil, Labrador and Anticosti to Hudson Bay. Also in Europe and northern Asia. May-Sept.

1 Antennaria Carpathica Wahl Hook Carpathian Everl 1064

2. Antennaria Alpina (L.) Gaertn. Alpine Everlasting

Fig. 4394

Gnaphalium alpinum L. Sp. Pl. 856. 1753.

Antennaria alpina Gaertn. Fr. & Sem. 2: 410. I791.

?A. labradorica Nutt. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. (II) 7; 406. 1841.

A. angustata Greene, Pittonia 3: 284. 1898.

Surculose by short stolons; stems floccose-woolly, 1'-4' high. Basal leaves usually numerous, tufted, spatulate or linear-oblong, obtuse, silvery-woolly on both sides, or glabrate and green above, 4"-12" long; stem leaves linear and small, few, sessile, woolly; heads in a terminal capitate, or seldom somewhat corymbose cluster, rarely solitary, 2"-21/2" broad; involucre about 2i" high, the bracts of the fertile heads dark brownish-green, the inner ones acute or acuminate, those of the sterile heads lighter, brownish, broader and obtuse; achenes glandular.

Labrador and Arctic America to Alaska and British Columbia. Western plants previously referred to this species prove to be distinct. April-Aug.

2 Antennaria Alpina L Gaertn Alpine Everlasting 10652 Antennaria Alpina L Gaertn Alpine Everlasting 1066

3. Antennaria Canadensis Greene. Canadian Cat's-Foot

Fig. 4395

Antennaria canadensis Greene, Pittonia 3: 275. 1898.

Stems 8'-12' high, slender. Basal leaves and those of the ends of stolons spatulate to oblan-ceolate, obtuse or apiculate, 1'-1 1/2' long, 6" wide or less, gradually tapering from above the middle to a long narrow base, 1-nerved or with two faint lateral nerves, bright green and glabrous above, lanate beneath; stolons short, leafy, assurgent; stem-leaves linear-lanceolate, distant, about I wide; inflorescence capitate to racemose-corymbose; fertile involucre about 41/2" high, its outer bracts oblong, obtuse, the inner lanceolate, acute to attenuate; bracts of the staminate involucre white-tipped.

In dry soil, Newfoundland to Connecticut, Manitoba and Michigan. May-July.

The Old World Antennaria dioica (L.) Gaertn., with stem leaves close together and rose-colored in-volucral bracts, is recorded as long ago found at Providence, R. I.