"The Junipers are evergreen trees or shrubs, found in all quarters of the globe."
Juniperus Virginiana. - The Red Cedar. - Savin. - This is a very common evergreen tree, of low growth, found in great abundance in the neighborhood of Boston, with rather dark, sober-looking foliage. Although so common and monotonous in its appearance on the rocky shores of Massachusetts, it may be introduced with good effect among other evergreen trees. We have seen an impervious hedge made of it. For this purpose the plants should be raised from the seed, which, like the White Cedar, will require eighteen months to vegetate. "The Red Cedar is distinguished from the White and the Arbor Vitae, - the only which it resembles, - by having its fruit in the form of a berry, and its leaves exhibiting but slightly a tendency to arrange themselves in a plane." The blue berries, that are sometimes produced in great profusion, add much to the interest of the tree, when they are ripe, in the months of October and November. The Red Cedar assumes various shapes, but generally-Gothic-like in style. We have noticed a small tree, in our neighborhood, that is perfectly plume-like in shape, rising up twelve or fifteen feet, with a base of only about three. The Red Cedar is very valuable for posts, its wood being almost incorruptible. They are generally carefully pruned of their lower branches, which spoils the beauty of the tree. For orna-ment, they should be encouraged to throw off branches from the ground.
J. communis. - The Common Juniper. - This is a prostrate evergreen shrub, troublesome to eradicate, and of no use for ornament.
Among the new evergreen trees desirable for introduction, particularly in a more southern region, are the Deodara Cedar, (Cedrus deodar,) and the Chilian Pine, (Araucaria imbricata.) We hope they may also succeed in this region; they certainly deserve a trial. They are noticed in Downing's Horticulturist, who says of the Deodar Cedar: "The general habit of this tree, as has been already remarked, is that of the Cedar of Lebanon, which it most nearly resembles. Its foliage, however, is larger, of a lighter, more silvery hue, and the branches have more of a drooping habit, and more feathery lightness, than the Cedar of Lebanon. The fact that it grows more rapidly, will serve as an additional recommendation to the lover of fine trees. This is still a very rare tree. There are yet no specimens in America over a few feet in height." The same author re326 breck's bock of flowers.
marks: "South of New York, it will certainly form one of the most beautiful of ornamental trees;" but in a northern latitude it may not succeed so well. Bishop Heber describes it "as the glory of the Himalayas, - a splendid tree, with gigantic arms, and dark, narrow leaves."
Araucaria imbricata, - or Chilian Pine. - The editor of the Horticulturist is of opinion that, from the experience of a number of seasons, this tree will prove hardy in the latitude of New York, and quotes a description of it from the London Horticultural Magazine : "Leaves generally eight together, ovate lance-shaped, thickened at the base, stiff, straight, with persistent mucros; cones globular at the end of the branches, about the size of a man's hand; scales beautifully imbricated.
"A remarkable evergreen tree, of magnificent dimensions, almost the only one to be met with in those districts where it is indigenous. It is a high tree, from eighty to one hundred feet, with a trunk like a pillar. Standing closely together in the forest, the trees are generally devoid of branches to the height of fifty or sixty feet. The top is in the shape of a depressed cone; the side branches proceeding from the trunk in a horizontal direction, and ascending lightly at the tips. Over those branches the leaves are thickly set, like scales, which give an appearance of richly-embossed work. From the thick coating of leaves which pervades the whole outline of the tree, an idea of some brittleness is conveyed to the mind. The wood, however, was successfully used in ship-building, in 1780, by Don Francisco Dendariarena." "This plant is-a native of Chili, in South America. The tree is particularly ornamental, and no plant can be used with greater effect in distinguishing particular spots of country appropriated to art. It should be on every gentleman's lawn. It is both elegant and unique."