The attractive, feathery spikes of the Black Snake-root emit a rank, offensive odour, and country people used to say that they were good for driving away bugs and flies from their rooms. For centuries the Indians regarded the thick, knotted root of this plant as being a certain cure for snake bites, and it was a very popular domestic remedy among their squaws. It was also used for relieving rheumatism, dropsy and hysteria, and now furnishes a medicine for nervous affections. It is a slender, tall, stately, leafy stemmed plant, growing from three to eight feet high in shady and rocky woods, where it blossoms from June to August. The alternating, long-stemmed leaves are thrice compounded of thin, smooth, pointed-oblong, and deeply toothed or cleft leaflets. The terminal leaflet is often again divided. The stamens of the small white flowers are exceedingly numerous and give a very soft, downy appearance to the slender spike which forms the floral arrangement. This perennial herb is found from Maine and Ontario to Wisconsin, and south to Georgia and Missouri. The Latin name is derived from cimex, a bug, and fugere, to drive away.