The long, slender yellow wands of this Loosestrife brighten our swamps and moist thickets from July to September. The smooth, hollow leafy stalk is usually branched near the top, and grows less than two feet in height. The long, narrow, lance-shaped leaves are set in opposite, alternating pairs, and are thickly covered with tiny, black, oblong dots. They are thin, smooth and toothless. After flowering, this plant often bears long bulblets or curiously modified branches, in the axils of the leaves. The yellow starlike flowers are very similar to those of the Four-leaved species, but the divisions are more deeply cut and narrower, and the slender tips are slightly curling. They are conspicuously lined and marked with reddish dashes, and at the base of each division there are two reddish dots. The flowers are gathered on short, hairlike stems, in a long, terminal spike, and open gradually as they ascend the stalk. Long ago, so it is said, sprays of Loosestrife were placed on the yoke of unruly oxen, with the belief that it would quiet and pacify them. This species ranges from Georgia and Arkansas, northward into Canada.