During August and September, the tall, swaying heads of Joe Pye are conspicuous in low, wet meadows, and along open streams and swamps where it grows rankly and vigorously. It was named from Joe Pye, an Indian doctor, who gained some notoriety travelling through New England, and who applied this plant in treating cases of typhus fever. The large, stout, leafy stalk grows from three to ten feet high, and branches at the summit. It is usually stained with purple. The large, thin, oval or broad, lance-shaped leaves are arranged in curving whorls of from three to six. They are short-stemmed, long-pointed, rounded-toothed, firmly ribbed and veined, and rough-surfaced. The flowers are of a peculiar shade of dull pink or purple. They have a matted, fuzzy appearance, and are arranged in numerous small groups that form large, dense, and somewhat flat-topped, or elongated terminal clusters. The small, tubular florets have long, projecting, hairy pistils, and the cup in which they are set is of the same colour as the faintly fragrant flowers. Joe Pye is found from Canada to Florida and Texas.
JOE PYE WEED. Eupatorium purpureum.