Wild Garlic (Allium Canadense) has few purplish, 6-parted flowers on slender pedicels from a cluster of bulblets at the top of a scape 10 to 24 in. high. The leaves are grass-like, sheathing the stem above the fibrous bulb. Flowers in May and June in moist meadows, from N. ET. to Mich, and southwards.
Field Garlic (A. Vineale) (European) is very similar to the last species; the leaves are linear and round in cross section, sheathing the stem below the middle. Flowering commonly in wet meadows during June; Mass. to Mo. and Va.
Day Lily (Hemerocallis Fulva) (European) will, we think, prove a welcome addition to our flora. It is now locally abundant in R. I., Conn., and N. Y. It flourishes best near salt water and spreads rapidly by means of its running roots as well as by seed. The flower stalk is tall, 2 to 5 feet, and at its summit bears eight or nine buds which open one or two a day into large showy flowers.
Day Lily. Hemerocallis fulva.
The perianth is funnel-form, with six spreading orange limbs and six long stamens with large brown anthers. The blossoms appear in July and August, each remaining open for but a single day; this habit makes them very popular for vase flowers as the number of buds on each stalk insures fresh flowers every day for a week or more. The leaves are long and linear, similar to those of the Cat-tail, appearing from a fleshy perennial rootstalk at the base of the tall flower scape.
In the absence of any odor, the beautiful flower cup serves to attract the bees that are necessary for the setting of its seed.
Another species the Yellow Day Lily (H. Flava) has also escaped from cultivation, but is not nearly as common as the above. The flowers are bright yellow and the leaves a lighter shade of green; the blossoms are also fragrant.
Wild Hyacinthi Eastern Camass (Cam-Assia Esculenta) has small blue flowers in a simple raceme at the top of a scape from 6 to 24 inches high; the flowers appear on short pedicels and are bracted, the bracts being longer than the pedicels.
The six divisions of the perianth are wide spread; both the stamens and the style are extremely slender. The scape and the linear, keeled leaves both rise from a coated bulb. This species is found growing in rich ground from Pa. to Minn, and southwards.
All the members of this genus are among our most beautiful flowers. In our range it includes eight species, of which seven are natives. The two species of Red Lily can readily be recognized because their perianth, or flower funnel, always opens upwards; the divisions of these perianths at their bases are very slender and stem-like in contrast with the following species whose divisions are united in a tube at the base. Its name is rather misleading for, while it is sometimes found in woods, they will be found blooming most profusely in sandy or brush covered land. One of the prettiest sights of which I know may be seen during the flowering season on the eastern end of the island of Martha's Vineyard on the cliffs known as Gay Head; as a rule each stalk there bears but a single flower at its summit. This also is true of the Southern Red Lily that is abundant on some of the sandy pine barrens of the southern states.
Red Wood Lily. Lilium philadelphicum.