(Plate XXXVII.)




Pale yellow, tinged with purple.




Throughout the east.

Time Of Bloom


Flowers: terminal; solitary; nodding. Perianth: of six, slender, recurved divisions, streaked with, and the underside of, purple. Stamens: six. Pistil: one; style, club-shaped. Leaves: two only; oblong; pointed; spotted with dark purple and white. Stem: rising from a corm.

The names of this beautiful flower are rather confusing, and bring to the mind objects of entirely different aspect from that of the one to which they relate. "Dog's-tooth," we are told, refers to a supposed resemblance of the roots of the plant to the canine teeth of a dog; but this would not help the wanderer by the woodland brook to any great extent, as the roots are commonly hidden. Why the name of violet was ever attached to it, is rather a mystery; and in any case must have been from a purely imaginative idea. If one of its names must be used, it were better to choose yellow-adder's tongue, which at least gives a clue to its colour; and the marking of its leaves is not dissimilar to an adder's skin. But how much prettier and more appropriate are the names of fawn lily, or trout lily, which have been suggested by Mr. Burroughs. At night the flower gently closes.

E. albidum, the white species, is similar in appearance. It bears a bluish-white flower and the leaves are not nearly so spotted. It is commonly found farther west than Pennsylvania.

Yellow Adder s Tongue Dog s Tooth Violet Erythroni 103