Leaves erect from a stout rootstock, smooth, or sometimes ciliati or finely pubescent; their petioles longer than the blades which are lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, 1 to 4 inches long, truncate or heart-shaped at the base and blunt or pointed at the apex, the base hastately or sagittately toothed or cleft, the earliest leaves often deltoid-ovate, blunt, and merely crenate at the base. Flowers on stalks about as long as the leaves, the corolla violet-purple.
Memoir 15 N. Y. State Museum
B. Arrow-Leaved Violet Viola Sagittata
Moist banks, fields and wet meadows, Massachusetts to Minnesota, south to Georgia and Louisiana. Flowering in May and June. The smooth form appears to be the commoner on the coastal plain, while around the Great Lakes region and eastward to the Hudson River valley occurs a form with pubescent foliage.