Rootstock long and stout, sometimes branching. The earliest leaf blades ovate and blunt; the later ones oblong-ovate, acute, finely pubeso especially beneath, the margins crenulate toward the apex, the bases usually somewhat heart-shaped or truncate and sharply toothed, incised or auricu-late. Flowering stalks about as long as the leaves when first in bloom or longer than the leaves in later flowers; the corolla violet-purple. Cap green; seeds brown. Cleistogamous flowers on erect peduncles.

Dry fields and hillsides, throughout the eastern states and south to Georgia. Flowering in May and June.

Memoir 15 N. Y. State Museum

Plate 137

A. Ovate Leaved Violet

A. Ovate-Leaved Violet - Viola fimbriatula