Stems trailing, creeping, branching and more or less horizontally subterranean and perennial, slightly woody in texture, sending up both leafy and flowering branches which are erect and 5 to 12 inches high. Leaves narrowly wedge-shaped, blunt or pointed at the apex, tapering at the base, sharply toothed, bright green and shining, 1 to 21/2 inches long, one-fourth to 1 inch wide above the middle and remaining green over winter. Flowers one-half to two-thirds of an inch broad, several in an umbellate or sub-corymbose cluster, white or pinkish, usually with a deep-pink ring; petals five, concave, nearly orbicular; stamens ten; style very stout, obconic; stigma large, orbicular, with five crenations or lobes. Capsules erect, globular, five-lobed and five-celled; the valves not woolly on the margins when separating, one-fourth to one-third of an inch thick.

In dry woods, often under or near pines, Nova Scotia to British Columbia, south to Georgia and the Rocky mountains. Flowering in this State from the latter part of June until August.

The Spotted Wintergreen (Chimaphilamaculata (Linnaeus) Pursh) has lanceolate leaves, broadest at or below the middle, mottled with white along the veins, and somewhat larger, white flowers.

Memoir 15 N. Y. State Museum

Plate 152

A. Pipsissewa; Prince 's Pine   Chimaphila umbellata

A. Pipsissewa; Prince 's Pine - Chimaphila umbellata