Erect and branching, glabrous or somewhat pubescent, 1 to 2 feet high, from a perennial root. Leaves ternately decompound, the lower and basal leaves slender-petioled, 4 to 8 inches broad, the ultimate leaflets 1 to 2 inches broad, sessile or short stalked, obovate, obtuse, cuneate, obtusely lobed and toothed, pale beneath; leaves of the upper part of the stem lobed or divided. Flowers nodding, 1 to 2 inches long, scarlet or rarely white or yellow; sepals five, regular, petaloid; petals concave, produced backward between the sepals into hollow, nearly straight spurs, one-half to three-fourths of an inch long, thickened at the end; stamens numerous, with the styles long exserted. Fruit erect, consisting of five united carpels with slightly spreading filiform beaks.

In rocky woodlands and clearings, Nova Scotia to the Northwest Territory, south to Florida and Texas. Flowering from the latter part of April until June.

Memoir 15 N. Y. State Museum

Plate 65

Wild Columbine; Rock Bells

Wild Columbine; Rock Bells - Aguilegia canadensis

Known in many localities as Honeysuckle, a name which should more properly be applied to species of the genus Lonicera. The European Columbine (Aquilegia vulgaris Linnaeus ) with showy, blue, purple or white flowers is an occasional escape from gardens into woods and fields.