Stem slender, 1 to 2½ feet high. Leaves lanceolate, pointed, 4 to 8 inches long, one-half to 1 ½ inches wide, the upper ones much smaller. Flowers orange or yellow, large and showy in a terminal, many-flowered spike, 3 to 6 inches long; sepals orbicular or broadly ovate, oblique at the base, the lateral ones mostly reflexed; petals much smaller, oblong or cuneate, usually toothed; lip oblong, about one-half of an inch long, copiously fringed more than halfway to the middle; spur 1 to 1 ½ inches long and very slender.
In meadows and open places in woods, especially in sandy regions, Vermont and Ontario to Michigan, Missouri, Florida and Texas. In New York State it is rare and local north of the coastal plain, occurring on the Schenectady plains and several other places, especially on the Ontario lowlands, from Rome west to Lake Erie.
Memoir 15 N. Y. State Museum
B. Yellow-Fringed Orchis - Blephariglottis cilia ris