Introduced. Perennial. Propagates by seeds. Time of bloom: May to October. Seed-time: June to November.

Fig. 364.   Cynthia (Krigia amplexicaulis). X 1/6.

Fig. 364. - Cynthia (Krigia amplexicaulis). X 1/6.

Range: Ontario and Massachusetts to southern New Jersey; also on the Pacific Coast. An immigrant from Europe. Habitat: Gardens, lawns, fields, roadsides, and waste places.

Root very long, thick, and fleshy; from its crown rise several smooth, slender stems, one to two feet tall, usually branched but sometimes simple, naked except for a few scale-like bracts. Leaves all basal, three to ten inches long, spreading flat on the ground in a large tuft or rosette; they are broadly lance-shaped to obovate in outline, deeply cut and lobed, with terminal segment large and lateral ones turned backward (runcinate), covered on both sides with spreading hairs. Heads about an inch broad, yellow, with many slender rays, toothed at their tips, which are inclined to twist together as the blossom withers and recloses. Involucre nearly cylindric, its bracts imbricated in several series, smooth, appressed, pointed, the outer rows successively shorter. Achenes spindle-shaped, ten-ribbed, rough, contracting to a slender beak longer than the body; pappus a row of very plumose bristles. (Fig. 365.)

Means Of Control

Where well established the Gos-more is nearly as persistent as the Dandelion. In cultivated ground the perennial roots are destroyed by the plow and subsequent tillage of crops. Pigs are very fond of the long, fleshy roots, and badly infested areas may be profitably cleaned out by turning in a few of those animals. In lawns the rosettes may be spudded off, the cut surfaces being treated

Fig. 365.   Goamore (Hypochce ris radicata). X 1/4.

Fig. 365. - Goamore (Hypochce-ris radicata). X 1/4.

2m with a liberal pinch of salt or a few drops of carbolic acid. Plants of roadsides and waste places should be grubbed out, or so frequently cut as to prevent seed development and distribution to the damage of adjacent property.