Native. Perennial. Propagates by seeds. Time of bloom: August to September. Seed-time: September to October.

Range: Southern New York and Pennsylvania, southward to Florida and Louisiana. Habitat: Dry, rather sterile fields, meadows, and pastures.

A very handsome, conspicuous plant with numerous golden flower-heads, often an inch broad, upheld in terminal, branching, flat-topped clusters. Cattle refuse to eat the plant, whether as green forage or cured with hay.

Stem stout, one to two feet in height, set with silky hairs when young, but nearly smooth when old. Leaves alternate entire, oblong to lance-shape, or those near the base spatulate and narrowed to a petiole, the upper ones sessile, all silken-hairy when young but becoming smooth with age. Heads in corymbose clusters on viscid, glandular peduncles, and the pointed involucral bracts also are sticky-hairy; rays sixteen to twenty in number, pistillate and fertile; disk florets perfect. Achenes ovoid, flattened, hairy, with a double pappus, the inner row of long hairs, the outer one of short and chafflike bristles. (Fig. 294.)

Fig. 294.  Maryland Golden Aster (Chrysopsis mariana). X 1/3.

Fig. 294. -Maryland Golden Aster (Chrysopsis mariana). X 1/3.

Means Of Control

Prevent seed development and distribution by early cutting of infested grasslands. Destroy the perennial roots by cultivation of the soil, which should be so enriched as to be enabled to support plants of a better quality.