Native. Perennial. Propagates by seeds and by stolons.

Time of bloom: July to September.

Seed-time: September to November.

Range: Manitoba and Minnesota to the Northwest Territory, southward to Texas and Mexico. Habitat: Dry hills and plains; meadows and pastures.

Fig. 295.  Gray Goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis). X 1/4.

Fig. 295.- Gray Goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis). X 1/4.

Its stoloniferous habit causes this weed to form dense patches, choking out all intervening growth. Stems usually tufted, from a thick, woody root, six inches to a foot high, stout, rigid, clothed with soft, velvety gray hair. Leaves alternate, thick, firm, also velvety-hairy, the lower ones spatulate, three-nerved, wavy-edged, tapering to petioles; the upper ones much smaller, acute, entire, and sessile. Panicles rather narrow and racemose, the branchlets held nearly erect, making the cluster compact and not one-sided; heads small, very bright yellow. Achenes downy-hairy, with fine, bristly pappus.

Means of control the same as for Gray Goldenrod.