Steps And Flag-Stones

Where there are large flights of stone steps and broad pavements of flag-stones, the process of cleaning is a tedious one. To clean with hearthstone, or caked whiting, as usual, gives a smeary appearance, and washes off with the first shower. The following preparation is preferable alike for its appearance and as a labor saving appliance, as it need be used but twice a week, washing being sufficient for the remaining days : Take a gallon of water, and color with stone-blue to a deep tint. Boil in this a pound of white size, and dissolve in the mixture a quarter pound of whiting and three cakes of pipe-clay, stirring well. Wash the steps rapidly with this solution, and finish with clean water in the usual way.

Damp Walls

Damp walls may be dealt with in the following manner: Mix two quarts of tar with two ounces of kitchen fat, and boil together for a quarter of an hour. Then add some slaked lime and very finely pounded glass. The lime and glass must be in the proportion of two to one, and thoroughly mixed. Apply immediately, as the mixture soon sets and becomes hard. A coat an inch thick will usually quite overcome the dampness, though in extreme cases two coats may be necessary.

To Clean Soiled Or Stained Furniture

Use spirits of turpentine, and afterwards polish with linseed oil colored with alkanet root. If, however, the furniture is badly stained or inky, it should be washed with sour beer or vinegar, warm. Afterwards rub the stains with spirit of salts, which will remove them. The wood may then be polished, with linseed oil colored with alkanet root, or with beeswax, dissolved in turpentine, with a little copal varnish or resin added.

New mahogany may be given the dark tint of old by washing with various sub-stances. Soap and, water will darken somewhat, but oil is more efficacious ; if a very dark tint is desired use lime water.

Paint may be cleaned with the following preparation : Mix one pound of soft soap, two ounces of pearlash, one pint of sand and one of table beer. Let these simmer together till fully incorporated, and use the mixture in the manner of soap.

Another cleaning mixture may be made by grating four potatoes to a pulp and mixing with a quart of, water. After stirring, let the pulp settle and pour off the water. This must be applied with a sponge.

To Clean Decanters and Water-bottles

When these, from containing hard water for a considerable time, have become coated in the interior with a deposit of carbonate of lime and other impurities, the easiest way is to use about a teaspoonful of hydrochloric acid, rinsing the bottle with it. It will be found that the instant the acid comes in contact with the deposit it removes it, a clear solution of chloride of calcium being formed. The bottle should then be rinsed in plenty of clean water. After a decanter has held port or other wines for a long period, a deposit of coloring matter will cover the interior surface of the glass. This may be easily cleaned off by a little sulphuric acid, in the manner above described.