Starch

To make starch, dissolve two table-spoonfuls of starch in one half cup of cold water; pour over this one quart of boiling water, stirring briskly till clear. Scrape into this, while hot, wax from a candle's end or a little salt, and the starch will never stick. Stand on back of stove and cook slowly for some time.

How to starch thin waists and muslin dresses. Dissolve a tablespoonful of gum arabic in about three quarts of water, and dip in this the articles to be starched, while wet. Wring them out and dry them (in winter, in a place where they will not freeze). After drying, sprinkle, roll them up, and iron as usual.

Hints For Washing-Day

Washing is greatly simplified by putting the clothes without soaking into a boiler of cold water, using one tablespoonful of turpentine and one of ammonia to each pail of water. Boil fifteen minutes after they come to a boil, and rinse in two clean waters after the suds water.

For clothes that have become yellow and grimy, make a mixture of clear lime water, and turpentine in equal parts. Shake this together till creamy; then use a cupful of the mixture to every boilerful of clothes.

Table linen or white clothes that have become yellow are best bleached in the month of May. Lay the linen or cloth on the grass without rinsing out the soap. The sun, the soap, and the May dews will make them clear and white.

Egg shells will soften and whiten clothes if used as follows: Wash the egg shells from time to time and dry in a basket. For washing-day, take a large cupful, crushed fine and tie in a cheese-cloth bag. Drop the bag of shells into the boiler with the washed clothes.

A small piece of paraffin in the wash boiler will whiten clothes.

Yellow, dingy lace or muslin curtains are most speedily restored to their former purity of color if boiled in a strong soapsuds which is half milk and half water. Boil half an hour, and finish washing them as usual.

To whiten old muslin, yellow with age, boil in strong indigo water. Or dissolve half a teaspoonful of borax in one pint of hot water. When cool, soap the fabrics and wash in the borax water.

How to wash a sweater or any knitted garment. Soak for half an hour in lukewarm water and Ivory soap which has first been dissolved in the water. Do not rub, but squeeze the garment without lifting, till it is well saturated with the soapy water. Rinse in several warm waters (always without lifting); hang over the line while wet. A shawl will dry in the bottom of a basket in the hot sun by shaking it occasionally.

Washing Blankets

The best and easiest way to wash blankets is to soak them for one hour, well covered, in lukewarm water in which has been dissolved one quarter of a pound of borax and a little white soap. (The soap may be omitted if the blankets are not badly soiled.) Lift from the water, do not wring, hang on the line, and hose well with cold water on both sides. The blankets will get fluffy as the water beats against them.

Or, take two tablespoonfuls of ammonia, one teaspoonful of borax, and half a bar of shaved soap. Boil together with a pint of water till the soap is dissolved. Add this to a tub of lukewarm water. Soak the blankets in this one hour, then souse the blankets up and down, and all the dirt will come out. Rinse several times in clear water (not cold) or till the soap is out; hang in the sun without wringing, perfectly straight, for several hours. When dry, beat with a rattan beater as you would rugs and furniture. This brings up the nap and makes them as fluffy as when new.